Android耗电统计算法

Posted by Gityuan on January 10, 2016

基于Android 6.0的源码剖析

一、 概述

Android系统中的耗电统计分为软件排行榜和硬件排行榜,软件排序榜是统计每个App的耗电总量的排行榜,硬件排行榜则是统计主要硬件的耗电总量的排行榜。

涉及耗电统计相关的核心类:

/framework/base/core/res/res/xml/power_profile.xml
/framework/base/core/java/com/andorid/internal/os/PowerProfile.java
/framework/base/core/java/com/andorid/internal/os/BatteryStatsHelper.java
/framework/base/core/java/com/andorid/internal/os/BatterySipper.java
  • PowerProfile.java用于获取各个组件的电流数值;power_profile.xml是一个可配置的功耗数据文件。
  • 软件排行榜的计算算法:BatteryStatsHelper类中的processAppUsage()方法
  • 硬件排行榜的计算算法:BatteryStatsHelper类中的processMiscUsage()方法

下面直接切入主题,分别讲述软件和硬件的耗电统计

二、软件排行榜

processAppUsage统计每个App的耗电情况

private void processAppUsage(SparseArray<UserHandle> asUsers) {
    //判断是否统计所有用户的App耗电使用情况,目前该参数为true
    final boolean forAllUsers = (asUsers.get(UserHandle.USER_ALL) != null);
    mStatsPeriod = mTypeBatteryRealtime; //耗电的统计时长
    BatterySipper osSipper = null;

    //获取每个uid的统计信息
    final SparseArray<? extends Uid> uidStats = mStats.getUidStats();
    final int NU = uidStats.size();
    // 开始遍历每个uid的耗电情况
    for (int iu = 0; iu < NU; iu++) {
        final Uid u = uidStats.valueAt(iu);
        final BatterySipper app = new BatterySipper(BatterySipper.DrainType.APP, u, 0);
        mCpuPowerCalculator.calculateApp(app, u, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);
        mWakelockPowerCalculator.calculateApp(app, u, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);
        mMobileRadioPowerCalculator.calculateApp(app, u, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);
        mWifiPowerCalculator.calculateApp(app, u, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);
        mBluetoothPowerCalculator.calculateApp(app, u, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);
        mSensorPowerCalculator.calculateApp(app, u, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);
        mCameraPowerCalculator.calculateApp(app, u, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);
        mFlashlightPowerCalculator.calculateApp(app, u, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);

        final double totalPower = app.sumPower(); //对App的8项耗电再进行累加。

        //将app添加到 app list, WiFi, Bluetooth等,或其他用户列表
        if (totalPower != 0 || u.getUid() == 0) {

            final int uid = app.getUid();
            final int userId = UserHandle.getUserId(uid);
            if (uid == Process.WIFI_UID) { //uid为wifi的情况
                mWifiSippers.add(app);
            } else if (uid == Process.BLUETOOTH_UID) {//uid为蓝牙的情况
                mBluetoothSippers.add(app);
            } else if (!forAllUsers && asUsers.get(userId) == null
                    && UserHandle.getAppId(uid) >= Process.FIRST_APPLICATION_UID) {
                //就目前来说 forAllUsers=true,不会进入此分支。
                List<BatterySipper> list = mUserSippers.get(userId);
                if (list == null) {
                    list = new ArrayList<>();
                    mUserSippers.put(userId, list);
                }
                list.add(app);
            } else {
                mUsageList.add(app);  //把app耗电加入到mUsageList
            }
            if (uid == 0) {
                osSipper = app; // root用户,代表操作系统的耗电量
            }
        }
    }
    //app之外的耗电量
    if (osSipper != null) {
        mWakelockPowerCalculator.calculateRemaining(osSipper, mStats, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);
        osSipper.sumPower();
    }
}

流程分析:

mTypeBatteryRealtime

mTypeBatteryRealtime = mStats.computeBatteryRealtime(rawRealtimeUs, mStatsType);
private int mStatsType = BatteryStats.STATS_SINCE_CHARGED;

BatteryStats.STATS_SINCE_CHARGED,计算规则是从上次充满电后数据;另外STATS_SINCE_UNPLUGGED是拔掉USB线后的数据。说明充电时间的计算是从上一次拔掉设备到现在的耗电量统计。

耗电计算项

8大模块的耗电计算器,都继承与PowerCalculator抽象类

计算项 Class文件
CPU功耗 mCpuPowerCalculator.java
Wakelock功耗 mWakelockPowerCalculator.java
无线电功耗 mMobileRadioPowerCalculator.java
WIFI功耗 mWifiPowerCalculator.java
蓝牙功耗 mBluetoothPowerCalculator.java
Sensor功耗 mSensorPowerCalculator.java
相机功耗 mCameraPowerCalculator.java
闪光灯功耗 mFlashlightPowerCalculator.java

计算值添加到列表

  • mWifiSippers.add(app): uid为wifi的情况
  • mBluetoothSippers.add(app): uid为蓝牙的情况
  • mUsageList.add(app): app耗电加入到mUsageList
  • osSipper: root用户,代表操作系统的耗电量,app之外的wakelock耗电也计算该项

公式

processAppUsage统计的是Uid。一般地来说每个App都对应一个Uid,但存在以下特殊情况,如果两个或多个App签名和sharedUserId相同,则在运行时,他们拥有相同Uid。对于系统应用uid为system,则统一算入system应用的耗电量。

Uid_Power = process_1_Power + … + process_N_Power,其中所有进程都是属于同一个uid。 当同一的uid下,只有一个进程时,Uid_Power = process_Power;

其中process_Power = CPU功耗 + Wakelock功耗 + 无线电功耗 + WIFI功耗 + 蓝牙功耗 + Sensor功耗 + 相机功耗 + 闪光灯功耗。

接下来开始分配说明每一项的功耗计算公式。

2.1 CPU

CPU功耗项的计算是通过CpuPowerCalculator类

初始化

public CpuPowerCalculator(PowerProfile profile) {
    final int speedSteps = profile.getNumSpeedSteps(); //获取cpu的主频等级的级数
    mPowerCpuNormal = new double[speedSteps]; //用于记录不同频率下的功耗值
    mSpeedStepTimes = new long[speedSteps];
    for (int p = 0; p < speedSteps; p++) {
        mPowerCpuNormal[p] = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_CPU_ACTIVE, p);
    }
}

从对象的构造方法,可以看出PowerProfile类提供相应所需的基础功耗值,而真正的功耗值数据来源于power_profile.xml文件,故可以通过配置合理的基础功耗值,来达到较为精准的功耗统计结果。后续所有的PowerCalculator子类在构造方法中都有会相应所需的功耗配置项。

CPU功耗可配置项:

  • POWER_CPU_SPEEDS = “cpu.speeds” 所对应的数组,配置CPU的频点,频点个数取决于CPU硬件特性
  • POWER_CPU_ACTIVE = “cpu.active” 所对应的数组,配置CPU频点所对应的单位功耗(mAh)

功耗计算

public void calculateApp(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats.Uid u, long rawRealtimeUs,
                             long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
        final int speedSteps = mSpeedStepTimes.length;
        long totalTimeAtSpeeds = 0;
        for (int step = 0; step < speedSteps; step++) {
            //获取Cpu不同频点下的运行时间
            mSpeedStepTimes[step] = u.getTimeAtCpuSpeed(step, statsType);
            totalTimeAtSpeeds += mSpeedStepTimes[step];
        }
        totalTimeAtSpeeds = Math.max(totalTimeAtSpeeds, 1); //获取Cpu总共的运行时间
        app.cpuTimeMs = (u.getUserCpuTimeUs(statsType) + u.getSystemCpuTimeUs(statsType)) / 1000; //获取cpu在用户态和内核态的执行时长

        double cpuPowerMaMs = 0;
        // 计算Cpu的耗电量
        for (int step = 0; step < speedSteps; step++) {
            final double ratio = (double) mSpeedStepTimes[step] / totalTimeAtSpeeds;
            final double cpuSpeedStepPower = ratio * app.cpuTimeMs * mPowerCpuNormal[step];
            cpuPowerMaMs += cpuSpeedStepPower;
        }

        //追踪不同进程的耗电情况
        double highestDrain = 0;
        app.cpuFgTimeMs = 0;
        final ArrayMap<String, ? extends BatteryStats.Uid.Proc> processStats = u.getProcessStats();
        final int processStatsCount = processStats.size();
        //统计同一个uid的不同进程的耗电情况
        for (int i = 0; i < processStatsCount; i++) {
            final BatteryStats.Uid.Proc ps = processStats.valueAt(i);
            final String processName = processStats.keyAt(i);
            app.cpuFgTimeMs += ps.getForegroundTime(statsType);
            final long costValue = ps.getUserTime(statsType) + ps.getSystemTime(statsType) + ps.getForegroundTime(statsType);
            //App可以有多个packages和多个不同的进程,跟踪耗电最大的进程
            if (app.packageWithHighestDrain == null ||
                    app.packageWithHighestDrain.startsWith("*")) {
                highestDrain = costValue;
                app.packageWithHighestDrain = processName;
            } else if (highestDrain < costValue && !processName.startsWith("*")) {
                highestDrain = costValue;
                app.packageWithHighestDrain = processName;
            }
        }
        //当Cpu前台时间 大于Cpu时间,将cpuFgTimeMs赋值为cpuTimeMs
        if (app.cpuFgTimeMs > app.cpuTimeMs) {
            app.cpuTimeMs = app.cpuFgTimeMs;
        }

        app.cpuPowerMah = cpuPowerMaMs / (60 * 60 * 1000); //转换为mAh
    }
}

子公式

cpuPower = ratio_1 * cpu_time * cpu_ratio_1_power + … +ratio_n * cpu_time * cpu_ratio_n_power

其中: ratio_i = cpu_speed_time/ cpu_speeds_total_time,(i=1,2,…,N,N为CPU频点个数)

2.2 Wakelock

Wakelock功耗项的计算是通过WakelockPowerCalculator类

初始化

public WakelockPowerCalculator(PowerProfile profile) {
    mPowerWakelock = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_CPU_AWAKE);
}

Wakelock功耗可配置项:

power_profile.xml文件:

  • POWER_CPU_AWAKE = “cpu.awake” 所对应的值

功耗计算

public void calculateApp(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats.Uid u, long rawRealtimeUs,
                         long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    long wakeLockTimeUs = 0;
    final ArrayMap<String, ? extends BatteryStats.Uid.Wakelock> wakelockStats =
            u.getWakelockStats();
    final int wakelockStatsCount = wakelockStats.size();
    for (int i = 0; i < wakelockStatsCount; i++) {
        final BatteryStats.Uid.Wakelock wakelock = wakelockStats.valueAt(i);
        //只统计partial wake locks,由于 full wake locks在灭屏后会自动取消
        BatteryStats.Timer timer = wakelock.getWakeTime(BatteryStats.WAKE_TYPE_PARTIAL);
        if (timer != null) {
            wakeLockTimeUs += timer.getTotalTimeLocked(rawRealtimeUs, statsType);
        }
    }
    app.wakeLockTimeMs = wakeLockTimeUs / 1000; //转换单位为秒
    mTotalAppWakelockTimeMs += app.wakeLockTimeMs;
    //计算唤醒功耗
    app.wakeLockPowerMah = (app.wakeLockTimeMs * mPowerWakelock) / (1000*60*60);
}

子公式

wakeLockPowerMah = (app.wakeLockTimeMs * mPowerWakelock) / (10006060);

2.3 Wifi

WifiPowerCalculator

Wifi功耗项的计算是通过WifiPowerCalculator类

初始化

public WifiPowerCalculator(PowerProfile profile) {
        mIdleCurrentMa = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_IDLE);
        mTxCurrentMa = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_TX);
        mRxCurrentMa = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_RX);
    }

Wifi功耗可配置项:

  • POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_IDLE = “wifi.controller.idle” 项所对应的值
  • POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_RX = “wifi.controller.rx” 项所对应的值
  • POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_TX = “wifi.controller.tx” 项所对应的值

功耗计算

public void calculateApp(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats.Uid u, long rawRealtimeUs,
                         long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    final long idleTime = u.getWifiControllerActivity(BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_IDLE_TIME, statsType);
    final long txTime = u.getWifiControllerActivity(BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_TX_TIME, statsType);
    final long rxTime = u.getWifiControllerActivity(BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_RX_TIME, statsType);
    app.wifiRunningTimeMs = idleTime + rxTime + txTime; //计算wifi的时间
    app.wifiPowerMah = ((idleTime * mIdleCurrentMa) + (txTime * mTxCurrentMa) + (rxTime * mRxCurrentMa)) / (1000*60*60);
    mTotalAppPowerDrain += app.wifiPowerMah;
    app.wifiRxPackets = u.getNetworkActivityPackets(BatteryStats.NETWORK_WIFI_RX_DATA,
            statsType);
    app.wifiTxPackets = u.getNetworkActivityPackets(BatteryStats.NETWORK_WIFI_TX_DATA,
            statsType);
    app.wifiRxBytes = u.getNetworkActivityBytes(BatteryStats.NETWORK_WIFI_RX_DATA,
            statsType);
    app.wifiTxBytes = u.getNetworkActivityBytes(BatteryStats.NETWORK_WIFI_TX_DATA,
            statsType);
}

子公式

wifiPowerMah = ((idleTime * mIdleCurrentMa) + (txTime * mTxCurrentMa) + (rxTime * mRxCurrentMa)) / (1000* 60* 60);

WifiPowerEstimator

可配置项

  • POWER_WIFI_ACTIVE = “wifi.active”(用于计算mWifiPowerPerPacket)
  • POWER_WIFI_ON=”wifi.on”
  • POWER_WIFI_SCAN = “wifi.scan”
  • POWER_WIFI_BATCHED_SCAN = “wifi.batchedscan”;

功耗计算-

public void calculateApp(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats.Uid u, long rawRealtimeUs,
                         long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    app.wifiRxPackets = u.getNetworkActivityPackets(BatteryStats.NETWORK_WIFI_RX_DATA,
            statsType);
    app.wifiTxPackets = u.getNetworkActivityPackets(BatteryStats.NETWORK_WIFI_TX_DATA,
            statsType);
    app.wifiRxBytes = u.getNetworkActivityBytes(BatteryStats.NETWORK_WIFI_RX_DATA,
            statsType);
    app.wifiTxBytes = u.getNetworkActivityBytes(BatteryStats.NETWORK_WIFI_TX_DATA,
            statsType);
    final double wifiPacketPower = (app.wifiRxPackets + app.wifiTxPackets)
            * mWifiPowerPerPacket;
    app.wifiRunningTimeMs = u.getWifiRunningTime(rawRealtimeUs, statsType) / 1000;
    mTotalAppWifiRunningTimeMs += app.wifiRunningTimeMs;
    final double wifiLockPower = (app.wifiRunningTimeMs * mWifiPowerOn) / (1000*60*60);
    final long wifiScanTimeMs = u.getWifiScanTime(rawRealtimeUs, statsType) / 1000;
    final double wifiScanPower = (wifiScanTimeMs * mWifiPowerScan) / (1000*60*60);
    double wifiBatchScanPower = 0;
    for (int bin = 0; bin < BatteryStats.Uid.NUM_WIFI_BATCHED_SCAN_BINS; bin++) {
        final long batchScanTimeMs =
                u.getWifiBatchedScanTime(bin, rawRealtimeUs, statsType) / 1000;
        final double batchScanPower = (batchScanTimeMs * mWifiPowerBatchScan) / (1000*60*60);
        wifiBatchScanPower += batchScanPower;
    }
    app.wifiPowerMah = wifiPacketPower + wifiLockPower + wifiScanPower + wifiBatchScanPower;
}

其中 BatteryStats.Uid.NUM_WIFI_BATCHED_SCAN_BINS=5

另外

private static double getWifiPowerPerPacket(PowerProfile profile) {
    final long WIFI_BPS = 1000000; //初略估算每秒的收发1000000bit
    final double WIFI_POWER = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_WIFI_ACTIVE)
            / 3600;
    return (WIFI_POWER / (((double)WIFI_BPS) / 8 / 2048)) / (60*60);
}

子公式

wifiPowerMah = wifiPacketPower + wifiLockPower + wifiScanPower + wifiBatchScanPower;

wifiPacketPower = (wifiRxPackets + wifiTxPackets) * mWifiPowerPerPacket; wifiLockPower = (wifiRunningTimeMs * mWifiPowerOn) / (1000* 60* 60); wifiScanPower = (wifiScanTimeMs * mWifiPowerScan) / (1000* 60* 60);

wifiBatchScanPower = ∑ (batchScanTimeMs * mWifiPowerBatchScan) / (1000* 60* 60) ,5次相加。

2.4 Bluetooth

Bluetooth功耗项的计算是通过BluetoothPowerCalculator类

初始化

public BluetoothPowerCalculator(PowerProfile profile) {
    mIdleMa = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_BLUETOOTH_CONTROLLER_IDLE);
    mRxMa = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_BLUETOOTH_CONTROLLER_RX);
    mTxMa = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_BLUETOOTH_CONTROLLER_TX);
}

Bluetooth功耗可配置项(目前蓝牙功耗计算的方法为空,此配置暂可忽略):

  • POWER_BLUETOOTH_CONTROLLER_IDLE = “bluetooth.controller.idle” 所对应的值
  • POWER_BLUETOOTH_CONTROLLER_RX = “bluetooth.controller.rx” 所对应的值
  • POWER_BLUETOOTH_CONTROLLER_TX = “bluetooth.controller.tx” 所对应的值

功耗计算

public void calculateApp(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats.Uid u, long rawRealtimeUs,
                         long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    // No per-app distribution yet.
}

子公式

bluePower = 0;

还没有给每个App统计蓝牙的算法。

2.5 Camera

Camera功耗项的计算是通过CameraPowerCalculator类

初始化

public CameraPowerCalculator(PowerProfile profile) {
    mCameraPowerOnAvg = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_CAMERA);
}

Camera功耗可配置项:

  • POWER_CAMERA = “camera.avg” 所对应的值

功耗计算

 public void calculateApp(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats.Uid u, long rawRealtimeUs,
                         long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    //对于camera功耗的评估比较粗,camera打开认定功耗一致
    final BatteryStats.Timer timer = u.getCameraTurnedOnTimer();
    if (timer != null) {
        final long totalTime = timer.getTotalTimeLocked(rawRealtimeUs, statsType) / 1000;
        app.cameraTimeMs = totalTime;
        app.cameraPowerMah = (totalTime * mCameraPowerOnAvg) / (1000*60*60);
    } else {
        app.cameraTimeMs = 0;
        app.cameraPowerMah = 0;
    }
}

子公式

cameraPowerMah = (totalTime * mCameraPowerOnAvg) / (10006060);

2.6 Flashlight

Flashlight功耗项的计算是通过FlashlightPowerCalculator类

初始化

public FlashlightPowerCalculator(PowerProfile profile) {
    mFlashlightPowerOnAvg = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_FLASHLIGHT);
}

Flashlight功耗可配置项:

  • POWER_FLASHLIGHT = “camera.flashlight” 所对应的值

功耗计算

public void calculateApp(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats.Uid u, long rawRealtimeUs,
                         long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    final BatteryStats.Timer timer = u.getFlashlightTurnedOnTimer();
    if (timer != null) {
        final long totalTime = timer.getTotalTimeLocked(rawRealtimeUs, statsType) / 1000;
        app.flashlightTimeMs = totalTime;
        app.flashlightPowerMah = (totalTime * mFlashlightPowerOnAvg) / (1000*60*60);
    } else {
        app.flashlightTimeMs = 0;
        app.flashlightPowerMah = 0;
    }
}

子公式

flashlightPowerMah = (totalTime * mFlashlightPowerOnAvg) / (10006060);

flashlight计算方式与Camera功耗计算思路一样。

2.7 MobileRadio

无线电功耗项的计算是通过MobileRadioPowerCalculator类

初始化

public MobileRadioPowerCalculator(PowerProfile profile, BatteryStats stats) {
    mPowerRadioOn = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_RADIO_ACTIVE);
    for (int i = 0; i < mPowerBins.length; i++) {
        mPowerBins[i] = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_RADIO_ON, i);
    }
    mPowerScan = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_RADIO_SCANNING);
    mStats = stats;
}

无线电功耗可配置项:

  • POWER_RADIO_ACTIVE = “radio.active” 所对应的值

功耗计算

public void calculateApp(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats.Uid u, long rawRealtimeUs,
                         long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    app.mobileRxPackets = u.getNetworkActivityPackets(BatteryStats.NETWORK_MOBILE_RX_DATA, statsType);
    app.mobileTxPackets = u.getNetworkActivityPackets(BatteryStats.NETWORK_MOBILE_TX_DATA, statsType);
    app.mobileActive = u.getMobileRadioActiveTime(statsType) / 1000;
    app.mobileActiveCount = u.getMobileRadioActiveCount(statsType);
    app.mobileRxBytes = u.getNetworkActivityBytes(BatteryStats.NETWORK_MOBILE_RX_DATA,
            statsType);
    app.mobileTxBytes = u.getNetworkActivityBytes(BatteryStats.NETWORK_MOBILE_TX_DATA,
            statsType);
    if (app.mobileActive > 0) {
        // 当追踪信号的开头,则采用mobileActive时间乘以相应功耗
        mTotalAppMobileActiveMs += app.mobileActive;
        app.mobileRadioPowerMah = (app.mobileActive * mPowerRadioOn) / (1000*60*60);
    } else {
        //当没有追踪信号开关,则采用收发数据包来评估功耗
        app.mobileRadioPowerMah = (app.mobileRxPackets + app.mobileTxPackets) * getMobilePowerPerPacket(rawRealtimeUs, statsType);
    }
}

计算出每收/发一个数据包的功耗值

private double getMobilePowerPerPacket(long rawRealtimeUs, int statsType) {
    final long MOBILE_BPS = 200000; //Extract average bit rates from system
    final double MOBILE_POWER = mPowerRadioOn / 3600;
    final long mobileRx = mStats.getNetworkActivityPackets(BatteryStats.NETWORK_MOBILE_RX_DATA,
            statsType);
    final long mobileTx = mStats.getNetworkActivityPackets(BatteryStats.NETWORK_MOBILE_TX_DATA,
            statsType);
    final long mobileData = mobileRx + mobileTx;
    final long radioDataUptimeMs =
            mStats.getMobileRadioActiveTime(rawRealtimeUs, statsType) / 1000;
    final double mobilePps = (mobileData != 0 && radioDataUptimeMs != 0)
            ? (mobileData / (double)radioDataUptimeMs)
            : (((double)MOBILE_BPS) / 8 / 2048);
    return (MOBILE_POWER / mobilePps) / (60*60);
}

子公式

情况一:当追踪信号活动时间,即mobileActive > 0,采用:

mobileRadioPowerMah = (app.mobileActive * mPowerRadioOn) / (1000* 60* 60);

情况二:当没有追踪信号活动时间,则采用:

mobileRadioPowerMah = (app.mobileRxPackets + app.mobileTxPackets) * MobilePowerPerPacket

其中MobilePowerPerPacket = ((mPowerRadioOn / 3600) / mobilePps) / (60*60), mobilePps= (mobileRx + mobileTx)/radioDataUptimeMs

2.8 Sensor

Sensor功耗项的计算是通过SensorPowerCalculator类

初始化

public SensorPowerCalculator(PowerProfile profile, SensorManager sensorManager) {
    mSensors = sensorManager.getSensorList(Sensor.TYPE_ALL);
    mGpsPowerOn = profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_GPS_ON);
}

Sensor功耗可配置项:

  • POWER_GPS_ON = “gps.on” 所对应的值

功耗计算

d calculateApp(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats.Uid u, long rawRealtimeUs, long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    // 计算没有个Uid
    final SparseArray<? extends BatteryStats.Uid.Sensor> sensorStats = u.getSensorStats();
    final int NSE = sensorStats.size();
    for (int ise = 0; ise < NSE; ise++) {
        final BatteryStats.Uid.Sensor sensor = sensorStats.valueAt(ise);
        final int sensorHandle = sensorStats.keyAt(ise);
        final BatteryStats.Timer timer = sensor.getSensorTime();
        final long sensorTime = timer.getTotalTimeLocked(rawRealtimeUs, statsType) / 1000;
        switch (sensorHandle) {
            case BatteryStats.Uid.Sensor.GPS:  //对于uid为GPS的情况
                app.gpsTimeMs = sensorTime;
                app.gpsPowerMah = (app.gpsTimeMs * mGpsPowerOn) / (1000*60*60);
                break;
            default:
                final int sensorsCount = mSensors.size();
                for (int i = 0; i < sensorsCount; i++) { //统计所有的sensor情况
                    final Sensor s = mSensors.get(i);
                    if (s.getHandle() == sensorHandle) {
                        app.sensorPowerMah += (sensorTime * s.getPower()) / (1000*60*60);
                        break;
                    }
                }
                break;
        }
    }
}

GPS的功耗计算与sensor的计算方法放在一块

子公式

gpsPowerMah = (app.gpsTimeMs * mGpsPowerOn) / (1000* 60* 60);

软件功耗总公式

BatterySipper中,功耗计算方法:

public double sumPower() {
    return totalPowerMah = usagePowerMah + wifiPowerMah + gpsPowerMah + cpuPowerMah +
            sensorPowerMah + mobileRadioPowerMah + wakeLockPowerMah + cameraPowerMah +
            flashlightPowerMah;
}

软件功耗的子项共分为9项:

功耗项 解释
usage 通用的功耗
cpu cpu的消耗
wakelock 唤醒带来的功耗
mobileRadio 移动无线的功耗
wifi wifi功耗
gps 定位的功耗
sensor 传感器的功耗
camera 相机功耗
flashlight 闪光灯功耗

目前没有统计蓝牙的耗电,源码中统计蓝牙耗电的方法是空方法。gps耗电的计算在sensor模块一起计算的。

软件功耗总公式

calculate_software_power

三、 硬件排行榜

processMiscUsage()

private void processMiscUsage() {
    addUserUsage();
    addPhoneUsage();
    addScreenUsage();
    addWiFiUsage();
    addBluetoothUsage();
    addIdleUsage();
    if (!mWifiOnly) { //对于只有wifi上网功能的设备,将不算计此项
        addRadioUsage();
    }
}

硬件功耗的子项共分为7项:

功耗项 解释
UserUsage 用户功耗
PhoneUsage 通话功耗
ScreenUsage 屏幕功耗
WiFiUsage Wifi功耗
BluetoothUsage 蓝牙消耗
IdleUsage CPU Idle功耗
RadioUsage 移动无线功耗

3.1 User

用户功耗的类型DrainType.USER

功耗计算

private void addUserUsage() {
    for (int i = 0; i < mUserSippers.size(); i++) {
        final int userId = mUserSippers.keyAt(i);
        BatterySipper bs = new BatterySipper(DrainType.USER, null, 0);
        bs.userId = userId;
        aggregateSippers(bs, mUserSippers.valueAt(i), "User"); //将UserSippers中的功耗都合入bs.
        mUsageList.add(bs);
    }
}

合计

private void aggregateSippers(BatterySipper bs, List<BatterySipper> from, String tag)  {
    for (int i=0; i<from.size(); i++) {
        BatterySipper wbs = from.get(i);
        bs.add(wbs);  //将from中的功耗数据合入bs
    }
    bs.computeMobilemspp();
    bs.sumPower(); //计算总功耗
}

子公式

user_power = user_1_power + user_2_power + … + user_n_power; (n为所有的user的总数)

3.2 Phone

通话功耗的类型为DrainType.PHONE

通话功耗可配置项:

  • POWER_RADIO_ACTIVE = “radio.active” 所对应的值

功耗计算

private void addPhoneUsage() {
    long phoneOnTimeMs = mStats.getPhoneOnTime(mRawRealtime, mStatsType) / 1000;
    double phoneOnPower = mPowerProfile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_RADIO_ACTIVE) * phoneOnTimeMs / (60*60*1000);
    if (phoneOnPower != 0) {
        addEntry(BatterySipper.DrainType.PHONE, phoneOnTimeMs, phoneOnPower);
    }
}

子公式

phone_powers = (phoneOnTimeMs * phoneOnPower) / (60* 60* 1000)

3.3 CPU Idle

CPU Idle功耗的类型为DrainType.IDLE

CPU Idle功耗可配置项:

  • PowerProfile.POWER_CPU_IDLE = “cpu.idle” 所对应的值

功耗计算

private void addIdleUsage() {
    long idleTimeMs = (mTypeBatteryRealtime - mStats.getScreenOnTime(mRawRealtime, mStatsType)) / 1000;
    double idlePower = (idleTimeMs * mPowerProfile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_CPU_IDLE)) / (60*60*1000);
    if (idlePower != 0) {
        addEntry(BatterySipper.DrainType.IDLE, idleTimeMs, idlePower);
    }
}

子公式

idlePower = (idleTimeMs * cpuIdlePower) / (60* 60* 1000)

3.4 Screen

屏幕功耗的类型为DrainType.SCREEN

屏幕功耗可配置项

  • POWER_SCREEN_ON = “screen.on” 所对应的值
  • POWER_SCREEN_FULL = “screen.full” 所对应的值

功耗计算

private void addScreenUsage() {
    double power = 0;
    long screenOnTimeMs = mStats.getScreenOnTime(mRawRealtime, mStatsType) / 1000;
    power += screenOnTimeMs * mPowerProfile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_SCREEN_ON);
    final double screenFullPower =
            mPowerProfile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_SCREEN_FULL);
    for (int i = 0; i < BatteryStats.NUM_SCREEN_BRIGHTNESS_BINS; i++) {
        double screenBinPower = screenFullPower * (i + 0.5f)
                / BatteryStats.NUM_SCREEN_BRIGHTNESS_BINS;
        long brightnessTime = mStats.getScreenBrightnessTime(i, mRawRealtime, mStatsType) / 1000;
        double p = screenBinPower*brightnessTime;
        power += p;
    }
    power /= (60*60*1000); // To hours
    if (power != 0) {
        addEntry(BatterySipper.DrainType.SCREEN, screenOnTimeMs, power);
    }
}

其中参数:

BatteryStats.NUM_SCREEN_BRIGHTNESS_BINS = 5;

static final String[] SCREEN_BRIGHTNESS_NAMES = {
        "dark", "dim", "medium", "light", "bright"
    };

static final String[] SCREEN_BRIGHTNESS_SHORT_NAMES = {
    "0", "1", "2", "3", "4"
};

子公式

公式:screen_power = screenOnTimeMs * screenOnPower + backlight_power

其中:backlight_power = 0.1 * dark_brightness_time * screenFullPower + 0.3 * dim_brightness_time * screenFullPower + 0.5 * medium_brightness_time * screenFullPower + 0.7 * light_brightness_time + 0.9 * bright_brightness_time * screenFullPower;

3.5 Wifi

WifiPowerCalculater

Wifi的硬件功耗的类型DrainType.WIFI。

Wifi功耗可配置项

power_profile.xml文件:

  • POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_IDLE = “wifi.controller.idle” 所对应的值
  • POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_RX = “wifi.controller.rx” 所对应的值
  • POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_TX = “wifi.controller.tx” 所对应的值

功耗计算

wifi的硬件功耗是指除去App消耗之外的剩余wifi功耗

private void addWiFiUsage() {
    BatterySipper bs = new BatterySipper(DrainType.WIFI, null, 0);
    mWifiPowerCalculator.calculateRemaining(bs, mStats, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType); //计算wifi硬件功耗
    aggregateSippers(bs, mWifiSippers, "WIFI"); //将Wifi硬件合计入总功耗
    if (bs.totalPowerMah > 0) {
        mUsageList.add(bs);
    }
}

计算

@Override
public void calculateRemaining(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats stats, long rawRealtimeUs, long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    final long idleTimeMs = stats.getWifiControllerActivity(BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_IDLE_TIME, statsType);
    final long rxTimeMs = stats.getWifiControllerActivity(BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_RX_TIME, statsType);
    final long txTimeMs = stats.getWifiControllerActivity(BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_TX_TIME, statsType);
    app.wifiRunningTimeMs = idleTimeMs + rxTimeMs + txTimeMs;
    double powerDrainMah = stats.getWifiControllerActivity(BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_POWER_DRAIN, statsType) / (double)(1000*60*60);
    if (powerDrainMah == 0) {
        //对于不直接报告功耗的组件,可通过直接计算的方式来获取
        powerDrainMah = ((idleTimeMs * mIdleCurrentMa) + (txTimeMs * mTxCurrentMa) + (rxTimeMs * mRxCurrentMa)) / (1000*60*60);
    }
    app.wifiPowerMah = Math.max(0, powerDrainMah - mTotalAppPowerDrain);
}

子公式 公式:wifiPowerMah = powerDrainMah - mTotalAppPowerDrain;

powerDrainMah = ((idleTimeMs * mIdleCurrentMa) + (txTimeMs * mTxCurrentMa) +(rxTimeMs * mRxCurrentMa);

mTotalAppPowerDrain是通过calculateApp计算过程中获取,记录所有App的wifi功耗值之和。

WifiPowerEstimator

可配置项

POWER_WIFI_ON=”wifi.on”

功耗计算

public void calculateRemaining(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats stats, long rawRealtimeUs, long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    final long totalRunningTimeMs = stats.getGlobalWifiRunningTime(rawRealtimeUs, statsType) / 1000;
    final double powerDrain = ((totalRunningTimeMs - mTotalAppWifiRunningTimeMs) * mWifiPowerOn) / (1000*60*60);
    app.wifiRunningTimeMs = totalRunningTimeMs;
    app.wifiPowerMah = Math.max(0, powerDrain);
}

子公式

wifiPowerMah = ((totalRunningTimeMs - mTotalAppWifiRunningTimeMs) * mWifiPowerOn) / (1000* 60* 60);

3.6 Bluetooth

蓝牙功耗的类型DrainType.BLUETOOTH

蓝牙功耗可配置项

  • POWER_BLUETOOTH_CONTROLLER_IDLE = “bluetooth.controller.idle” 所对应的值
  • POWER_BLUETOOTH_CONTROLLER_RX = “bluetooth.controller.rx” 所对应的值
  • POWER_BLUETOOTH_CONTROLLER_TX = “bluetooth.controller.tx” 所对应的值

功耗计算

private void addBluetoothUsage() {
    BatterySipper bs = new BatterySipper(BatterySipper.DrainType.BLUETOOTH, null, 0);
    mBluetoothPowerCalculator.calculateRemaining(bs, mStats, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);
    aggregateSippers(bs, mBluetoothSippers, "Bluetooth"); //将蓝牙功耗合计入总功耗
    if (bs.totalPowerMah > 0) {
        mUsageList.add(bs);
    }
}

计算:

public void calculateRemaining(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats stats, long rawRealtimeUs,
                               long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    final long idleTimeMs = stats.getBluetoothControllerActivity(
            BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_IDLE_TIME, statsType);
    final long txTimeMs = stats.getBluetoothControllerActivity(
            BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_TX_TIME, statsType);
    final long rxTimeMs = stats.getBluetoothControllerActivity(
            BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_RX_TIME, statsType);
    final long totalTimeMs = idleTimeMs + txTimeMs + rxTimeMs;
    double powerMah = stats.getBluetoothControllerActivity(
            BatteryStats.CONTROLLER_POWER_DRAIN, statsType) / (double)(1000*60*60);
    if (powerMah == 0) {
        //对于不直接报告功耗的组件,可通过直接计算的方式来获取
        powerMah = ((idleTimeMs * mIdleMa) + (rxTimeMs * mRxMa) + (txTimeMs * mTxMa)) / (1000*60*60);
    }

    app.usagePowerMah = powerMah;
    app.usageTimeMs = totalTimeMs;
}

子公式

公式:usagePowerMah = ((idleTimeMs * mIdleMa) + (rxTimeMs * mRxMa) + (txTimeMs * mTxMa)) / (1000 * 60 * 60);

蓝牙的计算与3.5 wifi计算方式相仿。

3.7 MobileRadio

无线电功耗的类型为DrainType.CELL

无线电功耗可配置项

power_profile.xml文件:

  • POWER_RADIO_ON = “radio.on” 所对应的数组,该数组大小为NUM_SIGNAL_STRENGTH_BINS = 5
  • POWER_RADIO_SCANNING = “radio.scanning” 所对应的值

功耗计算

对于只支持wifi的设备则不需要计算该项

private void addRadioUsage() {
    BatterySipper radio = new BatterySipper(BatterySipper.DrainType.CELL, null, 0);
    mMobileRadioPowerCalculator.calculateRemaining(radio, mStats, mRawRealtime, mRawUptime, mStatsType);
    radio.sumPower();
    if (radio.totalPowerMah > 0) {
        mUsageList.add(radio);
    }
}

计算

@Override
public void calculateRemaining(BatterySipper app, BatteryStats stats, long rawRealtimeUs, long rawUptimeUs, int statsType) {
    double power = 0;
    long signalTimeMs = 0;
    long noCoverageTimeMs = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < mPowerBins.length; i++) {
        long strengthTimeMs = stats.getPhoneSignalStrengthTime(i, rawRealtimeUs, statsType)
                / 1000;
        final double p = (strengthTimeMs * mPowerBins[i]) / (60*60*1000);
        power += p;
        signalTimeMs += strengthTimeMs;
        if (i == 0) {
            noCoverageTimeMs = strengthTimeMs;
        }
    }
    final long scanningTimeMs = stats.getPhoneSignalScanningTime(rawRealtimeUs, statsType)
            / 1000;
    final double p = (scanningTimeMs * mPowerScan) / (60*60*1000);
    power += p;
    long radioActiveTimeMs = mStats.getMobileRadioActiveTime(rawRealtimeUs, statsType) / 1000;
    long remainingActiveTimeMs = radioActiveTimeMs - mTotalAppMobileActiveMs;
    if (remainingActiveTimeMs > 0) {
        power += (mPowerRadioOn * remainingActiveTimeMs) / (1000*60*60);
    }
    if (power != 0) {
        if (signalTimeMs != 0) {
            app.noCoveragePercent = noCoverageTimeMs * 100.0 / signalTimeMs;
        }
        app.mobileActive = remainingActiveTimeMs;
        app.mobileActiveCount = stats.getMobileRadioActiveUnknownCount(statsType);
        app.mobileRadioPowerMah = power;
    }
}

常量:

public static final int NUM_SIGNAL_STRENGTH_BINS = 5;
public static final String[] SIGNAL_STRENGTH_NAMES = {
    "none", "poor", "moderate", "good", "great"
};

子公式

mobileRadioPowerMah = strengthOnPower + scanningPower + remainingActivePower

其中: strengthOnPower = none_strength_Ms * none_strength_Power + poor_strength_Ms * poor_strength_Power + moderate_strength_Ms * moderate_strength_Power + good_strength_Ms * good_strength_Power + great_strength_Ms * great_strength_Power;

scanningPower = scanningTimeMs * mPowerScan;

remainingActivePower = (radioActiveTimeMs - mTotalAppMobileActiveMs)* mPowerRadioOn;

硬件耗电总公式

calculate_hardware_power

四、总结

(1) 关于WifiPowerCalculator && WifiPowerEstimator的选择问题

在 BatteryStatsHelper.java中:

final boolean hasWifiPowerReporting = checkHasWifiPowerReporting(mStats, mPowerProfile);
    if (mWifiPowerCalculator == null || hasWifiPowerReporting != mHasWifiPowerReporting) {
        mWifiPowerCalculator = hasWifiPowerReporting ?
                new WifiPowerCalculator(mPowerProfile) :
                new WifiPowerEstimator(mPowerProfile);
        mHasWifiPowerReporting = hasWifiPowerReporting;
    }
  • 当hasWifiPowerReporting = true时,采用WifiPowerCalculator算法;
  • 当hasWifiPowerReporting = false时,采用WifiPowerEstimator算法;

其中

public static boolean checkHasWifiPowerReporting(BatteryStats stats, PowerProfile profile) {
    return stats.hasWifiActivityReporting() &&
            profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_IDLE) != 0 &&
            profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_RX) != 0 &&
            profile.getAveragePower(PowerProfile.POWER_WIFI_CONTROLLER_TX) != 0;
}

mHasWifiActivityReporting的默认值为false,故WIFI计算方式默认采用WifiPowerEstimator方式。

(2) 硬件与软件排行榜,功耗项对比:

功耗项 软件榜 硬件榜
CPU
无线电
WIFI
蓝牙
Wakelock -
Sensor -
相机 -
闪光灯 -
通话 -
屏幕 -
用户 -

其中√代表包含此功耗项。

(3) 硬件与软件排行榜,可配置项对比:

对于wifi的统计存在两种方式.

功耗项 软件榜 硬件榜
CPU cpu.active cpu.idle
无线电 radio.active radio.on/scanning
WIFI_Calculater wifi.controller.idle/rx/tx wifi.controller.idle/rx/tx
WIFI_Estimator wifi.on/ scan/ batchedscan wifi.on
蓝牙 bluetooth.controller.idle/rx/tx bluetooth.controller.idle/rx/tx
Wakelock cpu.awake -
Sensor gps.on -
相机 camera.avg -
闪光灯 camera.flashlight -
通话 - radio.active
屏幕 - screen.on
用户 -  

只有通过配置文件,精确地配置好每一项的基础功耗值,才能有一个精确的功耗统计结果。


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