深入理解Flutter引擎启动

Posted by Gityuan on June 22, 2019

基于Flutter 1.5,从源码视角来深入剖析flutter引擎的启动流程,相关源码目录见文末附录

一、概述

Flutter作为一款跨平台的框架,可以运行在Android、iOS等平台,Android为例讲解如何从Android应用启动流程中衔接到Flutter流程,以及Flutter引擎的启动流程。

熟悉Android的开发者,应该都了解应用的启动会会执行Application和Activity的初始化,调用其onCreate()方法,接下来分别从这个两个方法开始讲起。

1.1 Flutter启动概览

1.1.1 FlutterApplication启动

FlutterApplication启动流程图

FlutterApplication_create

1.1.2 FlutterActivity启动

FlutterActivity启动流程图

FlutterActivity_create

FlutterActivity启动过程执行到AttachJNI()后开始触发Flutter引擎的启动初始化,而引擎初始化之前会进行TaskRunners的初始化。

Flutter引擎启动图

FlutterEngine_create

1.2 类关系图

Flutter引擎核心类

ClassEngine

二、FlutterApplication启动流程

在AndrodManifest.xml定义的FlutterApplication,Android应用在启动时候会执行其onCreate()方法,

2.1 FlutterApplication.onCreate

[-> FlutterApplication.java]

public class FlutterApplication extends Application {
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        FlutterMain.startInitialization(this); //[见小节2.2]
    }
    ...
}

2.2 startInitialization

[-> FlutterMain.java]

public static void startInitialization(Context applicationContext) {
    startInitialization(applicationContext, new Settings());
}

public static void startInitialization(Context applicationContext, Settings settings) {
    //该方法必须运行在主线程,否则抛出异常
    if (Looper.myLooper() != Looper.getMainLooper()) {
      throw new IllegalStateException("startInitialization must be called on the main thread");
    }
    //保证startInitialization只执行一次
    if (sSettings != null) {
      return;
    }
    sSettings = settings;

    long initStartTimestampMillis = SystemClock.uptimeMillis();
    initConfig(applicationContext); //[见小节2.3]
    initAot(applicationContext); //[见小节2.4]
    initResources(applicationContext); //[见小节2.5]

    //加载libflutter.so [见小节2.6]
    if (sResourceUpdater == null) {
        System.loadLibrary("flutter");
    } else {
        sResourceExtractor.waitForCompletion();
        File lib = new File(PathUtils.getDataDirectory(applicationContext), DEFAULT_LIBRARY);
        if (lib.exists()) {
            System.load(lib.getAbsolutePath());
        } else {
            System.loadLibrary("flutter");
        }
    }

    long initTimeMillis = SystemClock.uptimeMillis() - initStartTimestampMillis;
    nativeRecordStartTimestamp(initTimeMillis);  //[见小节2.7]
}

该方法的主要工作是:

  • 初始化配置,获取是否预编译模式,初始化并提取资源文件;
  • 加载libflutter.so库;
  • 记录启动时间戳;

2.3 initConfig

[-> FlutterMain.java]

private static void initConfig(Context applicationContext) {
    try {
        Bundle metadata = applicationContext.getPackageManager().getApplicationInfo(
            applicationContext.getPackageName(), PackageManager.GET_META_DATA).metaData;
        if (metadata != null) {
            sAotSharedLibraryPath = metadata.getString(PUBLIC_AOT_AOT_SHARED_LIBRARY_PATH, DEFAULT_AOT_SHARED_LIBRARY_PATH);
            sAotVmSnapshotData = metadata.getString(PUBLIC_AOT_VM_SNAPSHOT_DATA_KEY, DEFAULT_AOT_VM_SNAPSHOT_DATA);
            sAotVmSnapshotInstr = metadata.getString(PUBLIC_AOT_VM_SNAPSHOT_INSTR_KEY, DEFAULT_AOT_VM_SNAPSHOT_INSTR);
            sAotIsolateSnapshotData = metadata.getString(PUBLIC_AOT_ISOLATE_SNAPSHOT_DATA_KEY, DEFAULT_AOT_ISOLATE_SNAPSHOT_DATA);
            sAotIsolateSnapshotInstr = metadata.getString(PUBLIC_AOT_ISOLATE_SNAPSHOT_INSTR_KEY, DEFAULT_AOT_ISOLATE_SNAPSHOT_INSTR);
            sFlx = metadata.getString(PUBLIC_FLX_KEY, DEFAULT_FLX);
            sFlutterAssetsDir = metadata.getString(PUBLIC_FLUTTER_ASSETS_DIR_KEY, DEFAULT_FLUTTER_ASSETS_DIR);
        }
    } catch (PackageManager.NameNotFoundException e) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);
    }
}

初始化FlutterMain的相关配置信息,当metadata数据没有配置初值则采用默认值,每一项配置都是String类型,下面列举了每一项配置参数相对应的默认值,如下所示:

参数名 默认值
sAotSharedLibraryPath app.so
sAotVmSnapshotData vm_snapshot_data
sAotVmSnapshotInstr vm_snapshot_instr
sAotIsolateSnapshotData isolate_snapshot_data
sAotIsolateSnapshotInstr isolate_snapshot_instr
sFlx app.flx
sFlutterAssetsDir flutter_assets

2.4 initAot

[-> FlutterMain.java]

private static void initAot(Context applicationContext) {
    //获取应用根目录下的所有assets资源路径
    Set<String> assets = listAssets(applicationContext, "");
    sIsPrecompiledAsBlobs = assets.containsAll(Arrays.asList(
        sAotVmSnapshotData,
        sAotVmSnapshotInstr,
        sAotIsolateSnapshotData,
        sAotIsolateSnapshotInstr
    ));
    sIsPrecompiledAsSharedLibrary = assets.contains(sAotSharedLibraryPath);
    //当assets中存在共享库app.so和Dart虚拟机快照,则是预编译应用抛出异常
    if (sIsPrecompiledAsBlobs && sIsPrecompiledAsSharedLibrary) {
      throw new RuntimeException(“...”);
    }
}

2.5 initResources

[-> FlutterMain.java]

private static void initResources(Context applicationContext) {
    Context context = applicationContext;
    //执行异步文件清理
    new ResourceCleaner(context).start();

    Bundle metaData = null;
    try {
        metaData = context.getPackageManager().getApplicationInfo(
                context.getPackageName(), PackageManager.GET_META_DATA).metaData;

    } catch (PackageManager.NameNotFoundException e) {
        ...
    }

    if (metaData != null && metaData.getBoolean("DynamicPatching")) {
        //资源更新
        sResourceUpdater = new ResourceUpdater(context);
        if (sResourceUpdater.getDownloadMode() == ResourceUpdater.DownloadMode.ON_RESTART ||
            sResourceUpdater.getDownloadMode() == ResourceUpdater.DownloadMode.ON_RESUME) {
            sResourceUpdater.startUpdateDownloadOnce();
            if (sResourceUpdater.getInstallMode() == ResourceUpdater.InstallMode.IMMEDIATE) {
                sResourceUpdater.waitForDownloadCompletion();
            }
        }
    }
    //资源提取的过程
    sResourceExtractor = new ResourceExtractor(context);

    sResourceExtractor
        .addResource(fromFlutterAssets(sFlx))
        .addResource(fromFlutterAssets(sAotVmSnapshotData))
        .addResource(fromFlutterAssets(sAotVmSnapshotInstr))
        .addResource(fromFlutterAssets(sAotIsolateSnapshotData))
        .addResource(fromFlutterAssets(sAotIsolateSnapshotInstr))
        .addResource(fromFlutterAssets(DEFAULT_KERNEL_BLOB));

    if (sIsPrecompiledAsSharedLibrary) {
      sResourceExtractor.addResource(sAotSharedLibraryPath);
    } else {
      sResourceExtractor
        .addResource(sAotVmSnapshotData)
        .addResource(sAotVmSnapshotInstr)
        .addResource(sAotIsolateSnapshotData)
        .addResource(sAotIsolateSnapshotInstr);
    }
    if (sResourceUpdater != null) {
      sResourceExtractor.addResource(DEFAULT_LIBRARY);
    }
    sResourceExtractor.start();
}

资源初始化主要包括对资源文件的清理、更新以及提前操作,这个过程都是在异步线程执行完成。

2.6 System.loadLibrary

不论是System.loadLibrary(),还是System.load()最终都会调用到该加载库中的JNI_OnLoad()方法,该过程原理见loadLibrary动态库加载过程分析

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/library_loader.cc]

JNIEXPORT jint JNI_OnLoad(JavaVM* vm, void* reserved) {
  // 初始化Java虚拟机 [见小节2.6.1]
  fml::jni::InitJavaVM(vm);
  JNIEnv* env = fml::jni::AttachCurrentThread();
  bool result = false;

  // 注册FlutterMain [2.6.2]
  result = shell::FlutterMain::Register(env);

  // 注册PlatformView [见小节2.6.3]
  result = shell::PlatformViewAndroid::Register(env);

  // 注册VSyncWaiter [见小节2.6.4]
  result = shell::VsyncWaiterAndroid::Register(env);
  return JNI_VERSION_1_4;
}

在加载libflutter.so的过程,经过层层调用后会执行JNI_OnLoad()方法,该方法的主要功能:

  • 初始化Java虚拟机;
  • 注册FlutterMain;
  • 注册PlatformView;
  • 注册VSyncWaiter;

2.6.1 InitJavaVM

[-> flutter/fml/platform/android/jni_util.cc]

static JavaVM* g_jvm = nullptr;

void InitJavaVM(JavaVM* vm) {
  g_jvm = vm;  //保存在静态变量
}

JNIEnv* AttachCurrentThread() {
  JNIEnv* env = nullptr;
  jint ret = g_jvm->AttachCurrentThread(&env, nullptr);
  return env;
}

Android进程在由zygote fork过程中已创建了JavaVM,每一个进程对应一个JavaVM。在这里只是将当前进程的JavaVM实例保存在静态变量,再将当前线程和JavaVM建立关联,获取JNIEnv实例,每个线程对应一个JNIEnv实例。

2.6.2 FlutterMain::Register

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/flutter_main.cc]

bool FlutterMain::Register(JNIEnv* env) {
  static const JNINativeMethod methods[] = {
      {
          .name = "nativeInit",
          .signature = "(Landroid/content/Context;[Ljava/lang/String;Ljava/"
                       "lang/String;Ljava/lang/String;Ljava/lang/String;)V",
          .fnPtr = reinterpret_cast<void*>(&Init),
      },
      {
          .name = "nativeRecordStartTimestamp",
          .signature = "(J)V",
          .fnPtr = reinterpret_cast<void*>(&RecordStartTimestamp),
      },
  };

  jclass clazz = env->FindClass("io/flutter/view/FlutterMain");
  ...
  return env->RegisterNatives(clazz, methods, arraysize(methods)) == 0;
}

注册了FlutterMain的nativeInit和nativeRecordStartTimestamp的两方法,JNI注册更多详情见Android JNI原理分析

2.6.3 PlatformViewAndroid::Register

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/platform_view_android_jni.cc]

bool PlatformViewAndroid::Register(JNIEnv* env) {
  g_flutter_callback_info_class = new fml::jni::ScopedJavaGlobalRef<jclass>(
      env, env->FindClass("io/flutter/view/FlutterCallbackInformation"));

  g_flutter_callback_info_constructor = env->GetMethodID(
      g_flutter_callback_info_class->obj(), "<init>",
      "(Ljava/lang/String;Ljava/lang/String;Ljava/lang/String;)V");

  g_flutter_jni_class = new fml::jni::ScopedJavaGlobalRef<jclass>(
      env, env->FindClass("io/flutter/embedding/engine/FlutterJNI"));

  g_surface_texture_class = new fml::jni::ScopedJavaGlobalRef<jclass>(
      env, env->FindClass("android/graphics/SurfaceTexture"));

  static const JNINativeMethod callback_info_methods[] = {
      {
          .name = "nativeLookupCallbackInformation",
          .signature = "(J)Lio/flutter/view/FlutterCallbackInformation;",
          .fnPtr = reinterpret_cast<void*>(&shell::LookupCallbackInformation),
      },
  };
  //注册FlutterCallbackInformation类的Native方法
  env->RegisterNatives(g_flutter_callback_info_class->obj(),
                           callback_info_methods,
                           arraysize(callback_info_methods)) != 0);

  g_is_released_method =
      env->GetMethodID(g_surface_texture_class->obj(), "isReleased", "()Z");

  g_attach_to_gl_context_method = env->GetMethodID(
      g_surface_texture_class->obj(), "attachToGLContext", "(I)V");

  g_update_tex_image_method =
      env->GetMethodID(g_surface_texture_class->obj(), "updateTexImage", "()V");

  g_get_transform_matrix_method = env->GetMethodID(
      g_surface_texture_class->obj(), "getTransformMatrix", "([F)V");

  g_detach_from_gl_context_method = env->GetMethodID(
      g_surface_texture_class->obj(), "detachFromGLContext", "()V");

  return RegisterApi(env);  //这里注册了更多Native方法
}

bool RegisterApi(JNIEnv* env) {
  static const JNINativeMethod flutter_jni_methods[] = {
      {
          .name = "nativeAttach",
          .signature = "(Lio/flutter/embedding/engine/FlutterJNI;Z)J",
          .fnPtr = reinterpret_cast<void*>(&AttachJNI),
      },
      ...  //省略若干个方法
      {
          .name = "nativeSurfaceCreated",
          .signature = "(JLandroid/view/Surface;)V",
          .fnPtr = reinterpret_cast<void*>(&SurfaceCreated),
      },
  };

  if (env->RegisterNatives(g_flutter_jni_class->obj(), flutter_jni_methods,
                           arraysize(flutter_jni_methods)) != 0) {
    return false;
  }

  g_handle_platform_message_method =
      env->GetMethodID(g_flutter_jni_class->obj(), "handlePlatformMessage",
                       "(Ljava/lang/String;[BI)V");

  ...  //省略若干个方法
  g_update_semantics_method =
      env->GetMethodID(g_flutter_jni_class->obj(), "updateSemantics",
                       "(Ljava/nio/ByteBuffer;[Ljava/lang/String;)V");
  ...
  return true;
}

该方法的主要工作:通过RegisterNatives()注册一些类的Native方法,用于Java调用C++的过程;通过GetMethodID()等方法记录了一些Java方法的jmethodID,用于C++调用Java的过程。将以上方法以及RegisterApi的内容全部展开,完成如下注册:

  • 完成注册以下类中的所有Native方法,用于Java调用C++:
    • FlutterCallbackInformation (1个native方法)
    • FlutterJNI (nativeSurfaceCreated等21个native方法)
  • 完成记录以下类中的相关Java方法,用于于C++调用Java:
    • FlutterCallbackInformation (1个方法)
    • SurfaceTexture (5个方法)
    • FlutterJNI (handlePlatformMessage等6个方法)

2.6.4 VsyncWaiterAndroid::Register

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/vsync_waiter_android.cc]

bool VsyncWaiterAndroid::Register(JNIEnv* env) {
  static const JNINativeMethod methods[] = ;

  jclass clazz = env->FindClass("io/flutter/view/VsyncWaiter");

  g_vsync_waiter_class = new fml::jni::ScopedJavaGlobalRef<jclass>(env, clazz);

  g_async_wait_for_vsync_method_ = env->GetStaticMethodID(
      g_vsync_waiter_class->obj(), "asyncWaitForVsync", "(J)V");

  return env->RegisterNatives(clazz, methods, arraysize(methods)) == 0;
}

该注册过程主要工作:

  • 将Java层的VsyncWaiter类的nativeOnVsync()方法,映射到C++层的OnNativeVsync()方法,用于该方法的Java调用C++的过程;
  • 将Java层的VsyncWaiter类的asyncWaitForVsync()方法,保存到C++层的g_async_wait_for_vsync_method_变量,用于该方法C++调用Java的过程。

2.7 nativeRecordStartTimestamp

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/flutter_main.cc]

static void RecordStartTimestamp(JNIEnv* env,
                                 jclass jcaller,
                                 jlong initTimeMillis) {
  int64_t initTimeMicros =
      static_cast<int64_t>(initTimeMillis) * static_cast<int64_t>(1000);
  flutter::engine_main_enter_ts = Dart_TimelineGetMicros() - initTimeMicros;
}

nativeRecordStartTimestamp这是一个native方法,经过JNI调用会执行nativeRecordStartTimestamp()方法,记录引擎启动耗时时长。

三、FlutterActivity启动流程

3.1 FlutterActivity.onCreate

[-> platform/android/io/flutter/app/FlutterActivity.java]

public class FlutterActivity extends Activity implements FlutterView.Provider, PluginRegistry, ViewFactory {    
    private final FlutterActivityDelegate delegate = new FlutterActivityDelegate(this, this);
    private final FlutterActivityEvents eventDelegate = delegate;
    private final FlutterView.Provider viewProvider = delegate;
    private final PluginRegistry pluginRegistry = delegate;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        eventDelegate.onCreate(savedInstanceState); //[见小节3.2]
    }
}

FlutterActivity的工作基本全权委托给FlutterActivityDelegate类,包括onCreate(),onResume()等全部的生命周期回调方法。

3.2 FlutterActivityDelegate.onCreate

[-> FlutterActivityDelegate.java]

public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP) {
        Window window = activity.getWindow();
        window.addFlags(LayoutParams.FLAG_DRAWS_SYSTEM_BAR_BACKGROUNDS);
        window.setStatusBarColor(0x40000000);
        window.getDecorView().setSystemUiVisibility(PlatformPlugin.DEFAULT_SYSTEM_UI);
    }
    //从Intent中提取参数
    String[] args = getArgsFromIntent(activity.getIntent());
    // [见小节3.3]
    FlutterMain.ensureInitializationComplete(activity.getApplicationContext(), args);
    //此处viewFactory便是FlutterActivity,该方法目前返回值为null
    flutterView = viewFactory.createFlutterView(activity);
    if (flutterView == null) {
        //nativeView同样是null
        FlutterNativeView nativeView = viewFactory.createFlutterNativeView();
        //[见小节3.4]
        flutterView = new FlutterView(activity, null, nativeView);
        flutterView.setLayoutParams(matchParent);
        activity.setContentView(flutterView);
        launchView = createLaunchView();
        if (launchView != null) {
            addLaunchView();
        }
    }

    if (loadIntent(activity.getIntent())) {
        return;
    }

    String appBundlePath = FlutterMain.findAppBundlePath(activity.getApplicationContext());
    if (appBundlePath != null) {
        //[见小节5.1]
        runBundle(appBundlePath);
    }
}

getArgsFromIntent()方法会从Intent中提取的参数如下:

参数 说明
trace-startup 跟踪应用程序的生命周期,自动切换到无大小限制的trace buffer
start-paused 启动应用后暂停在Dart调试器,等待调试链接
disable-service-auth-codes 关闭跟VM服务通信需要认证的功能
use-test-fonts 在各平台的文本布局和测量都不一致,启用该选项将字体分辨率默认为所有的Ahem测试字体
enable-dart-profiling 开启Dart profile,结果可通过observatory查看
enable-software-rendering 开启Skia的软件渲染方式,用于在模拟器上测试Flutter。默认情况是采用OpenGL或Vulkan
skia-deterministic-rendering 跳过SkGraphics::Init()的调用,从而避免某些Skia函数被swap out,保证Skia渲染的100%确定性行为
trace-skia 跟踪skia调用,用于调试GPU。默认关闭,以减少跟踪事件数量
trace-systrace 采用系统tracer,替代timeline,目前仅支持Android和Fuchsia
dump-skp-on-shader-compilation 自动转储触发新着色器编译的skp,默认关闭
verbose-logging 默认仅打开error级别的日志,此标志能开启所有严重级别日志

这些开关都需要再一一实践和使用。

3.3 ensureInitializationComplete

[-> FlutterMain.java]

public static void ensureInitializationComplete(Context applicationContext, String[] args) {
    if (Looper.myLooper() != Looper.getMainLooper()) {
      throw new IllegalStateException("ensureInitializationComplete must be called on the main thread");
    }
    if (sSettings == null) {
      throw new IllegalStateException("ensureInitializationComplete must be called after startInitialization");
    }
    if (sInitialized) {
        return;
    }
    try {
        sResourceExtractor.waitForCompletion();

        List<String> shellArgs = new ArrayList<>();

        shellArgs.add("--icu-symbol-prefix=_binary_icudtl_dat");
        ApplicationInfo applicationInfo = applicationContext.getPackageManager().getApplicationInfo(
            applicationContext.getPackageName(), PackageManager.GET_META_DATA);
        shellArgs.add("--icu-native-lib-path=" + applicationInfo.nativeLibraryDir + File.separator + DEFAULT_LIBRARY);
        //args赋值过程为getArgsFromIntent()
        if (args != null) {
            Collections.addAll(shellArgs, args);
        }
        if (sIsPrecompiledAsSharedLibrary) {
            shellArgs.add("--" + AOT_SHARED_LIBRARY_PATH + "=" +
                new File(PathUtils.getDataDirectory(applicationContext), sAotSharedLibraryPath));
        } else {
            if (sIsPrecompiledAsBlobs) {
                shellArgs.add("--" + AOT_SNAPSHOT_PATH_KEY + "=" +
                    PathUtils.getDataDirectory(applicationContext));
            } else {
                shellArgs.add("--cache-dir-path=" +
                    PathUtils.getCacheDirectory(applicationContext));

                shellArgs.add("--" + AOT_SNAPSHOT_PATH_KEY + "=" +
                    PathUtils.getDataDirectory(applicationContext) + "/" + sFlutterAssetsDir);
            }
            shellArgs.add("--" + AOT_VM_SNAPSHOT_DATA_KEY + "=" + sAotVmSnapshotData);
            shellArgs.add("--" + AOT_VM_SNAPSHOT_INSTR_KEY + "=" + sAotVmSnapshotInstr);
            shellArgs.add("--" + AOT_ISOLATE_SNAPSHOT_DATA_KEY + "=" + sAotIsolateSnapshotData);
            shellArgs.add("--" + AOT_ISOLATE_SNAPSHOT_INSTR_KEY + "=" + sAotIsolateSnapshotInstr);
        }

        if (sSettings.getLogTag() != null) {
            shellArgs.add("--log-tag=" + sSettings.getLogTag());
        }

        String appBundlePath = findAppBundlePath(applicationContext);
        String appStoragePath = PathUtils.getFilesDir(applicationContext);
        String engineCachesPath = PathUtils.getCacheDirectory(applicationContext);
        //[见小节3.3.1]
        nativeInit(applicationContext, shellArgs.toArray(new String[0]),
            appBundlePath, appStoragePath, engineCachesPath);
        sInitialized = true;
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new RuntimeException(e);
    }
}

该方法重要工作:

  • 保证该操作运行在主线程;
  • 保证sSettings完成初始化赋值;
  • 保证sResourceExtractor完成资源文件的提取工作;
  • 拼接所有相关的shellArgs,包括intent中的参数;
  • 执行nativeInit来初始化native相关信息;

3.3.1 FlutterMain::Init

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/flutter_main.cc]

void FlutterMain::Init(JNIEnv* env,
                       jclass clazz,
                       jobject context,
                       jobjectArray jargs,
                       jstring bundlePath,
                       jstring appStoragePath,
                       jstring engineCachesPath) {
  std::vector<std::string> args;
  args.push_back("flutter");
  for (auto& arg : fml::jni::StringArrayToVector(env, jargs)) {
    args.push_back(std::move(arg));
  }
  auto command_line = fml::CommandLineFromIterators(args.begin(), args.end());
  //根据args生成Settings结构体,记录所有相关参数
  auto settings = SettingsFromCommandLine(command_line);

  settings.assets_path = fml::jni::JavaStringToString(env, bundlePath);

  flutter::DartCallbackCache::SetCachePath(
      fml::jni::JavaStringToString(env, appStoragePath));

  fml::paths::InitializeAndroidCachesPath(
      fml::jni::JavaStringToString(env, engineCachesPath));
  //从磁盘中加载缓存
  flutter::DartCallbackCache::LoadCacheFromDisk();

  if (!flutter::DartVM::IsRunningPrecompiledCode()) {
    auto application_kernel_path =
        fml::paths::JoinPaths({settings.assets_path, "kernel_blob.bin"});
    if (fml::IsFile(application_kernel_path)) {
      settings.application_kernel_asset = application_kernel_path;
    }
  }
  //初始化observer的增加和删除方法
  settings.task_observer_add = [](intptr_t key, fml::closure callback) {
    fml::MessageLoop::GetCurrent().AddTaskObserver(key, std::move(callback));
  };

  settings.task_observer_remove = [](intptr_t key) {
    fml::MessageLoop::GetCurrent().RemoveTaskObserver(key);
  };
  //[见小节3.3.2]
  g_flutter_main.reset(new FlutterMain(std::move(settings)));
}

小节2.6.2注册了nativeInit所对应的方法FlutterMain::Init(),该方法主要功能args以及各种资源文件路径细信息都保存在Settings结构体,记录在FlutterMain中,最后记录在g_flutter_main静态变量。

3.3.2 FlutterMain初始化

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/flutter_main.cc]

FlutterMain::FlutterMain(flutter::Settings settings)
    : settings_(std::move(settings)) {}

3.4 FlutterView初始化

[-> platform/android/io/flutter/view/FlutterView.java]

public class FlutterView extends SurfaceView implements BinaryMessenger, TextureRegistry {

  public FlutterView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, FlutterNativeView nativeView) {
      super(context, attrs);

      Activity activity = getActivity(getContext());

      if (nativeView == null) {
          //初始化FlutterNativeView [见小节3.4.1]
          mNativeView = new FlutterNativeView(activity.getApplicationContext());
      } else {
          mNativeView = nativeView;
      }

      dartExecutor = mNativeView.getDartExecutor();
      flutterRenderer = new FlutterRenderer(mNativeView.getFlutterJNI());
      mIsSoftwareRenderingEnabled = FlutterJNI.nativeGetIsSoftwareRenderingEnabled();
      mMetrics = new ViewportMetrics();
      mMetrics.devicePixelRatio = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
      setFocusable(true);
      setFocusableInTouchMode(true);

      mNativeView.attachViewAndActivity(this, activity);

      mSurfaceCallback = new SurfaceHolder.Callback() {
          @Override
          public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {
              assertAttached();
              mNativeView.getFlutterJNI().onSurfaceCreated(holder.getSurface());
          }

          @Override
          public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width, int height) {
              assertAttached();
              mNativeView.getFlutterJNI().onSurfaceChanged(width, height);
          }

          @Override
          public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
              assertAttached();
              mNativeView.getFlutterJNI().onSurfaceDestroyed();
          }
      };
      getHolder().addCallback(mSurfaceCallback);

      mActivityLifecycleListeners = new ArrayList<>();
      mFirstFrameListeners = new ArrayList<>();

      //创建所有的平台通道channels
      navigationChannel = new NavigationChannel(dartExecutor);
      keyEventChannel = new KeyEventChannel(dartExecutor);
      lifecycleChannel = new LifecycleChannel(dartExecutor);
      localizationChannel = new LocalizationChannel(dartExecutor);
      platformChannel = new PlatformChannel(dartExecutor);
      systemChannel = new SystemChannel(dartExecutor);
      settingsChannel = new SettingsChannel(dartExecutor);

      //创建并设置插件
      PlatformPlugin platformPlugin = new PlatformPlugin(activity, platformChannel);
      addActivityLifecycleListener(platformPlugin);
      mImm = (InputMethodManager) getContext().getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
      mTextInputPlugin = new TextInputPlugin(this, dartExecutor);
      androidKeyProcessor = new AndroidKeyProcessor(keyEventChannel, mTextInputPlugin);
      androidTouchProcessor = new AndroidTouchProcessor(flutterRenderer);

      //发送初始化平台台的消息发送给Dart
      sendLocalesToDart(getResources().getConfiguration());
      sendUserPlatformSettingsToDart();
  }
  ...
}

3.4.1 FlutterNativeView初始化

[-> FlutterNativeView.java]

public class FlutterNativeView implements BinaryMessenger {
  public FlutterNativeView(@NonNull Context context) {
      this(context, false);
  }

  public FlutterNativeView(@NonNull Context context, boolean isBackgroundView) {
      mContext = context;
      mPluginRegistry = new FlutterPluginRegistry(this, context);
      mFlutterJNI = new FlutterJNI();
      mFlutterJNI.setRenderSurface(new RenderSurfaceImpl());
      this.dartExecutor = new DartExecutor(mFlutterJNI);
      mFlutterJNI.addEngineLifecycleListener(new EngineLifecycleListenerImpl());
      attach(this, isBackgroundView); //[见小节3.4.2]
  }
}

该方法主功能:

  • 初始化对象FlutterPluginRegistry;
  • 初始化对象FlutterJNI;
  • 初始化对象RenderSurfaceImpl,并赋值给mFlutterJNI的成员变量renderSurface;
  • 初始化对象DartExecutor;
  • 设置引擎生命周期回调监听器;
  • 并执行attach方法

3.4.2 FlutterNativeView.attach

[-> FlutterNativeView.java]

private void attach(FlutterNativeView view, boolean isBackgroundView) {
    mFlutterJNI.attachToNative(isBackgroundView); //[见小节3.4.3]
    //将dartExecutor.messenger赋值给mFlutterJNI.platformMessageHandler
    dartExecutor.onAttachedToJNI();
}

[小节2.6.3]的过程已经注册了FlutterJNI的attachToNative()方法,相对应的Native方法为AttachJNI()

3.4.3 FlutterJNI.attachToNative

[-> FlutterJNI.java]

public void attachToNative(boolean isBackgroundView) {
  nativePlatformViewId = nativeAttach(this, isBackgroundView);  //[见小节3.4.4]
}

3.4.4 AttachJNI

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/platform_view_android_jni.cc]

static jlong AttachJNI(JNIEnv* env,
                       jclass clazz,
                       jobject flutterJNI,
                       jboolean is_background_view) {
  fml::jni::JavaObjectWeakGlobalRef java_object(env, flutterJNI);
   //[见小节4.1]
  auto shell_holder = std::make_unique<AndroidShellHolder>(
      FlutterMain::Get().GetSettings(), java_object, is_background_view);
  if (shell_holder->IsValid()) {
    return reinterpret_cast<jlong>(shell_holder.release());
  } else {
    return 0;
  }
}

该方法主要是为了在引擎层初始化AndroidShellHolder对象,详见[小节4.1]。

四、Flutter引擎启动

4.1 AndroidShellHolder初始化

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/android_shell_holder.cc]

AndroidShellHolder::AndroidShellHolder(
    flutter::Settings settings,
    fml::jni::JavaObjectWeakGlobalRef java_object,
    bool is_background_view)
    : settings_(std::move(settings)), java_object_(java_object) {
  static size_t shell_count = 1;
  auto thread_label = std::to_string(shell_count++);
  //创建线程私有的key
  FML_CHECK(pthread_key_create(&thread_destruct_key_, ThreadDestructCallback) ==
            0);

  if (is_background_view) {
    thread_host_ = {thread_label, ThreadHost::Type::UI};
  } else {
    //创建目标线程[见小节4.2]
    thread_host_ = {thread_label, ThreadHost::Type::UI | ThreadHost::Type::GPU |
                                      ThreadHost::Type::IO};
  }

  //当UI和GPU线程退出时从JNI分离。
  auto jni_exit_task([key = thread_destruct_key_]() {
    FML_CHECK(pthread_setspecific(key, reinterpret_cast<void*>(1)) == 0);
  });
  thread_host_.ui_thread->GetTaskRunner()->PostTask(jni_exit_task);
  if (!is_background_view) {
    thread_host_.gpu_thread->GetTaskRunner()->PostTask(jni_exit_task);
  }

  fml::WeakPtr<PlatformViewAndroid> weak_platform_view;
  Shell::CreateCallback<PlatformView> on_create_platform_view =
      [is_background_view, java_object, &weak_platform_view](Shell& shell) {
        std::unique_ptr<PlatformViewAndroid> platform_view_android;
        if (is_background_view) {
          ...
        } else {
          platform_view_android = std::make_unique<PlatformViewAndroid>(
              shell,                  
              shell.GetTaskRunners(),  
              java_object,           
              shell.GetSettings().enable_software_rendering
          );
        }
        weak_platform_view = platform_view_android->GetWeakPtr();
        return platform_view_android;
      };

  Shell::CreateCallback<Rasterizer> on_create_rasterizer = [](Shell& shell) {
    return std::make_unique<Rasterizer>(shell.GetTaskRunners());
  };

  // 当前主线程初始化MesageLoop [见小节4.2.2]
  fml::MessageLoop::EnsureInitializedForCurrentThread();
  fml::RefPtr<fml::TaskRunner> gpu_runner;
  fml::RefPtr<fml::TaskRunner> ui_runner;
  fml::RefPtr<fml::TaskRunner> io_runner;
  fml::RefPtr<fml::TaskRunner> platform_runner =
      fml::MessageLoop::GetCurrent().GetTaskRunner();
  if (is_background_view) {
    ...
  } else {
    gpu_runner = thread_host_.gpu_thread->GetTaskRunner();
    ui_runner = thread_host_.ui_thread->GetTaskRunner();
    io_runner = thread_host_.io_thread->GetTaskRunner();
  }
  //创建task_runners对象
  flutter::TaskRunners task_runners(thread_label,    
                                    platform_runner, gpu_runner,    
                                    ui_runner,  io_runner );
  // 创建Shell对象 [见小节4.3]
  shell_ =  Shell::Create(task_runners, settings_,              
                    on_create_platform_view,  on_create_rasterizer);

  platform_view_ = weak_platform_view;
  is_valid_ = shell_ != nullptr;
  if (is_valid_) {
    //提升ui线程和gpu线程的优先级
    task_runners.GetGPUTaskRunner()->PostTask([]() {
      if (::setpriority(PRIO_PROCESS, gettid(), -5) != 0) {
        if (::setpriority(PRIO_PROCESS, gettid(), -2) != 0) {
          FML_LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to set GPU task runner priority";
        }
      }
    });
    task_runners.GetUITaskRunner()->PostTask([]() {
      if (::setpriority(PRIO_PROCESS, gettid(), -1) != 0) {
        FML_LOG(ERROR) << "Failed to set UI task runner priority";
      }
    });
  }
}

该方法的主要功能:

  • 创建ui,gpu,io这3个线程,并分别初始化MessageLoop
  • on_create_platform_view
  • on_create_rasterizer
  • 创建Shell对象,TaskRunners对象

另外,关于pthread_key_create(pthread_key_t *key, void (*destructor)(void*)),用于创建线程内私有的全局变量,其中第一个参数为key,第二参数为析构函数,等线程退出时会执行。

4.2 ThreadHost初始化

[-> flutter/shell/common/thread_host.cc]

ThreadHost::ThreadHost(std::string name_prefix, uint64_t mask) {
  if (mask & ThreadHost::Type::Platform) {
    platform_thread = std::make_unique<fml::Thread>(name_prefix + ".platform");
  }

  if (mask & ThreadHost::Type::UI) {
    //创建线程 [见小节4.2.1]
    ui_thread = std::make_unique<fml::Thread>(name_prefix + ".ui");
  }

  if (mask & ThreadHost::Type::GPU) {
    gpu_thread = std::make_unique<fml::Thread>(name_prefix + ".gpu");
  }

  if (mask & ThreadHost::Type::IO) {
    io_thread = std::make_unique<fml::Thread>(name_prefix + ".io");
  }
}

根据传递的参数,可知首次创建AndroidShellHolder实例的过程,会创建1.ui, 1.gpu, 1.io这3个线程。每个线程Thread初始化过程,都会创建相应的MessageLoop、TaskRunner对象,然后进入pollOnce轮询等待状态,更多详见深入理解Flutter消息机制的MessageLoop启动部分。

4.3 Shell::Create

[-> flutter/shell/common/shell.cc]

std::unique_ptr<Shell> Shell::Create(
    TaskRunners task_runners,
    Settings settings,
    Shell::CreateCallback<PlatformView> on_create_platform_view,
    Shell::CreateCallback<Rasterizer> on_create_rasterizer) {
  PerformInitializationTasks(settings); //[见小节4.3.1]

  TRACE_EVENT0("flutter", "Shell::Create");

  auto vm = DartVMRef::Create(settings); //[见小节4.4]
  auto vm_data = vm->GetVMData();
  //[见小节4.5]
  return Shell::Create(std::move(task_runners),             
                       std::move(settings),                 
                       vm_data->GetIsolateSnapshot(),       // isolate snapshot
                       DartSnapshot::Empty(),               // shared snapshot
                       std::move(on_create_platform_view),  
                       std::move(on_create_rasterizer),     
                       std::move(vm)                        
  );
}

4.3.1 PerformInitializationTasks

[-> flutter/shell/common/shell.cc]

static void PerformInitializationTasks(const Settings& settings) {
  {
    fml::LogSettings log_settings;
    //设置log输出的最小级别
    log_settings.min_log_level =
        settings.verbose_logging ? fml::LOG_INFO : fml::LOG_ERROR;
    fml::SetLogSettings(log_settings);
  }

  static std::once_flag gShellSettingsInitialization = {};
  std::call_once(gShellSettingsInitialization, [&settings] {
    RecordStartupTimestamp(); //记录启动时间

    tonic::SetLogHandler([](const char* message) { FML_LOG(ERROR) << message; });

    if (settings.trace_skia) {
      InitSkiaEventTracer(settings.trace_skia);
    }

    if (!settings.skia_deterministic_rendering_on_cpu) {
      SkGraphics::Init();
    } else {
      FML_DLOG(INFO) << "Skia deterministic rendering is enabled.";
    }

    if (settings.icu_initialization_required) {
      if (settings.icu_data_path.size() != 0) {
        fml::icu::InitializeICU(settings.icu_data_path);
      } else if (settings.icu_mapper) {
        fml::icu::InitializeICUFromMapping(settings.icu_mapper());
      } else {
        FML_DLOG(WARNING) << "Skipping ICU initialization in the shell.";
      }
    }
  });
}

默认情况只有ERROR级别的日志才会输出,除非在启动的时候带上参数verbose_logging,则会打印出INFO级别的日志。

4.4 DartVMRef::Create

[-> flutter/runtime/dart_vm_lifecycle.cc]

static std::weak_ptr<DartVM> gVM;

DartVMRef DartVMRef::Create(Settings settings,
                            fml::RefPtr<DartSnapshot> vm_snapshot,
                            fml::RefPtr<DartSnapshot> isolate_snapshot,
                            fml::RefPtr<DartSnapshot> shared_snapshot) {
  std::lock_guard<std::mutex> lifecycle_lock(gVMMutex);

  //当该进程存在一个正在运行虚拟机,则获取其强引用,复用该虚拟机
  if (auto vm = gVM.lock()) {
    return DartVMRef{std::move(vm)};
  }
  ...

  auto isolate_name_server = std::make_shared<IsolateNameServer>();
  //创建虚拟机
  auto vm = DartVM::Create(std::move(settings),          
                           std::move(vm_snapshot),       
                           std::move(isolate_snapshot),  
                           std::move(shared_snapshot),   
                           isolate_name_server           
  );
  ...
  gVMData = vm->GetVMData();
  gVMServiceProtocol = vm->GetServiceProtocol();
  gVMIsolateNameServer = isolate_name_server;
  gVM = vm;

  if (settings.leak_vm) {
    gVMLeak = new std::shared_ptr<DartVM>(vm);
  }
  return DartVMRef{std::move(vm)};
}

更多关于虚拟机创建过程,详见深入理解Dart虚拟机启动的[小节2.1]部分。

4.5 Shell::Create

[-> flutter/shell/common/shell.cc]

std::unique_ptr<Shell> Shell::Create(
    TaskRunners task_runners,
    Settings settings,
    fml::RefPtr<const DartSnapshot> isolate_snapshot,
    fml::RefPtr<const DartSnapshot> shared_snapshot,
    Shell::CreateCallback<PlatformView> on_create_platform_view,
    Shell::CreateCallback<Rasterizer> on_create_rasterizer,
    DartVMRef vm) {
  ...

  fml::AutoResetWaitableEvent latch;
  std::unique_ptr<Shell> shell;
  fml::TaskRunner::RunNowOrPostTask(
      task_runners.GetPlatformTaskRunner(),
      fml::MakeCopyable([&latch,                                          //
                         vm = std::move(vm),                              //
                         &shell,                                          //
                         task_runners = std::move(task_runners),          //
                         settings,                                        //
                         isolate_snapshot = std::move(isolate_snapshot),  //
                         shared_snapshot = std::move(shared_snapshot),    //
                         on_create_platform_view,                         //
                         on_create_rasterizer                             //
  ]() mutable {
        //[见小节4.5.1]
        shell = CreateShellOnPlatformThread(std::move(vm),
                                            std::move(task_runners),      //
                                            settings,                     //
                                            std::move(isolate_snapshot),  //
                                            std::move(shared_snapshot),   //
                                            on_create_platform_view,      //
                                            on_create_rasterizer          //
        );
        latch.Signal();
      }));
  latch.Wait();  //等待完成
  return shell;
}

4.5.1 Shell::CreateShellOnPlatformThread

[-> flutter/shell/common/shell.cc]

std::unique_ptr<Shell> Shell::CreateShellOnPlatformThread(
    blink::TaskRunners task_runners,
    blink::Settings settings,
    Shell::CreateCallback<PlatformView> on_create_platform_view,
    Shell::CreateCallback<Rasterizer> on_create_rasterizer) {

    //创建Shell对象[见小节4.6]
    auto shell = std::unique_ptr<Shell>(new Shell(task_runners, settings));

    //在主线程创建platform view [见小节4.7]
    auto platform_view = on_create_platform_view(*shell.get());

    //由platform view创建vsync waiter [见小节4.8]
    auto vsync_waiter = platform_view->CreateVSyncWaiter();

    fml::AutoResetWaitableEvent io_latch;
    std::unique_ptr<ShellIOManager> io_manager;
    auto io_task_runner = shell->GetTaskRunners().GetIOTaskRunner();
    fml::TaskRunner::RunNowOrPostTask(
        io_task_runner,
        [&io_latch, &io_manager, &platform_view, io_task_runner ]() {
          TRACE_EVENT0("flutter", "ShellSetupIOSubsystem");
          // 在io线程中创建ShellIOManager对象 [见小节4.9]
          io_manager = std::make_unique<ShellIOManager>(
              platform_view->CreateResourceContext(), io_task_runner);
          io_latch.Signal();
        });
    io_latch.Wait();

    fml::AutoResetWaitableEvent gpu_latch;
    std::unique_ptr<Rasterizer> rasterizer;
    fml::WeakPtr<SnapshotDelegate> snapshot_delegate;
    fml::TaskRunner::RunNowOrPostTask(
        task_runners.GetGPUTaskRunner(),
        [&gpu_latch, &rasterizer, on_create_rasterizer, shell = shell.get(), &snapshot_delegate]() {
          TRACE_EVENT0("flutter", "ShellSetupGPUSubsystem");
          // 在gpu线程中创建Rasterizer对象 [见小节4.10]
          if (auto new_rasterizer = on_create_rasterizer(*shell)) {
            rasterizer = std::move(new_rasterizer);
            snapshot_delegate = rasterizer->GetSnapshotDelegate();
          }
          gpu_latch.Signal();
        });
    gpu_latch.Wait();

    fml::AutoResetWaitableEvent ui_latch;
    std::unique_ptr<Engine> engine;
    fml::TaskRunner::RunNowOrPostTask(
        shell->GetTaskRunners().GetUITaskRunner(),
        fml::MakeCopyable([&ui_latch,                                         //
                           &engine,                                           //
                           shell = shell.get(),                               //
                           isolate_snapshot = std::move(isolate_snapshot),    //
                           shared_snapshot = std::move(shared_snapshot),      //
                           vsync_waiter = std::move(vsync_waiter),            //
                           snapshot_delegate = std::move(snapshot_delegate),  //
                           io_manager = io_manager->GetWeakPtr()              //
    ]() mutable {
          TRACE_EVENT0("flutter", "ShellSetupUISubsystem");
          const auto& task_runners = shell->GetTaskRunners();
          // 创建Animator对象 [见小节4.11]
          auto animator = std::make_unique<Animator>(*shell, task_runners,
                                                     std::move(vsync_waiter));
          // 在ui线程中创建Engine对象 [见小节4.12]
          engine = std::make_unique<Engine>(*shell,                        //
                                            *shell->GetDartVM(),           //
                                            std::move(isolate_snapshot),   //
                                            std::move(shared_snapshot),    //
                                            task_runners,                  //
                                            shell->GetSettings(),          //
                                            std::move(animator),           //
                                            std::move(snapshot_delegate),  //
                                            std::move(io_manager)          //
          );
          ui_latch.Signal();
        }));

    ui_latch.Wait();

    // [见小节4.13]
    if (!shell->Setup(std::move(platform_view), std::move(engine),      
                      std::move(rasterizer), std::move(io_manager))  
    ) {
      return nullptr;
    }
    return shell;
}

4.6 Shell初始化

[-> flutter/shell/common/shell.cc]

Shell::Shell(DartVMRef vm, TaskRunners task_runners, Settings settings)
    : task_runners_(std::move(task_runners)),
      settings_(std::move(settings)),
      vm_(std::move(vm)) {
  //运行在主线程,设置service protocol handlers
  service_protocol_handlers_[ServiceProtocol::kScreenshotExtensionName
                                 .ToString()] = {
      task_runners_.GetGPUTaskRunner(),
      std::bind(&Shell::OnServiceProtocolScreenshot, this,
                std::placeholders::_1, std::placeholders::_2)};
  service_protocol_handlers_[ServiceProtocol::kScreenshotSkpExtensionName
                                 .ToString()] = {
      task_runners_.GetGPUTaskRunner(),
      std::bind(&Shell::OnServiceProtocolScreenshotSKP, this,
                std::placeholders::_1, std::placeholders::_2)};
  service_protocol_handlers_[ServiceProtocol::kRunInViewExtensionName
                                 .ToString()] = {
      task_runners_.GetUITaskRunner(),
      std::bind(&Shell::OnServiceProtocolRunInView, this, std::placeholders::_1,
                std::placeholders::_2)};
  service_protocol_handlers_[ServiceProtocol::kFlushUIThreadTasksExtensionName
                                 .ToString()] = {
      task_runners_.GetUITaskRunner(),
      std::bind(&Shell::OnServiceProtocolFlushUIThreadTasks, this,
                std::placeholders::_1, std::placeholders::_2)};
  service_protocol_handlers_[ServiceProtocol::kSetAssetBundlePathExtensionName
                                 .ToString()] = {
      task_runners_.GetUITaskRunner(),
      std::bind(&Shell::OnServiceProtocolSetAssetBundlePath, this,
                std::placeholders::_1, std::placeholders::_2)};
  service_protocol_handlers_
      [ServiceProtocol::kGetDisplayRefreshRateExtensionName.ToString()] = {
          task_runners_.GetUITaskRunner(),
          std::bind(&Shell::OnServiceProtocolGetDisplayRefreshRate, this,
                    std::placeholders::_1, std::placeholders::_2)};
}

创建Shell对象,成员变量task_runners_、settings_以及vm_富初值

4.7 PlatformViewAndroid初始化

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/platform_view_android.cc]

PlatformViewAndroid::PlatformViewAndroid(
    PlatformView::Delegate& delegate,
    flutter::TaskRunners task_runners,
    fml::jni::JavaObjectWeakGlobalRef java_object,
    bool use_software_rendering)
    : PlatformView(delegate, std::move(task_runners)),
      java_object_(java_object),
      //[见小节4.7.1]
      android_surface_(AndroidSurface::Create(use_software_rendering)) {
}

on_create_platform_view方法的核心就是创建PlatformViewAndroid对象

4.7.1 AndroidSurface::Create

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/android_surface.cc]

std::unique_ptr<AndroidSurface> AndroidSurface::Create(
    bool use_software_rendering) {
  if (use_software_rendering) {
    auto software_surface = std::make_unique<AndroidSurfaceSoftware>();
    return software_surface->IsValid() ? std::move(software_surface) : nullptr;
  }
#if SHELL_ENABLE_VULKAN
  auto vulkan_surface = std::make_unique<AndroidSurfaceVulkan;>();
  return vulkan_surface->IsValid() ? std::move(vulkan_surface) : nullptr;
#else  
  auto gl_surface = std::make_unique<AndroidSurfaceGL>();
  return gl_surface->IsOffscreenContextValid() ? std::move(gl_surface)
                                               : nullptr;
#endif  
}

三种不同的AndroidSurface,目前android_surface_默认数据类型为AndroidSurfaceGL。

4.7.2 AndroidSurfaceGL::CreateGPUSurface

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/android_surface_gl.cc]

std::unique_ptr<Surface> AndroidSurfaceGL::CreateGPUSurface() {
  auto surface = std::make_unique<GPUSurfaceGL>(this);
  return surface->IsValid() ? std::move(surface) : nullptr;
}

可见surface_的类型为GPUSurfaceGL。再来看看看AcquireFrame()过程。

4.8 CreateVSyncWaiter

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/platform_view_android.cc]

std::unique_ptr<VsyncWaiter> PlatformViewAndroid::CreateVSyncWaiter() {
  return std::make_unique<VsyncWaiterAndroid>(task_runners_);
}

4.8.1 VsyncWaiterAndroid初始化

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/vsync_waiter_android.cc]

VsyncWaiterAndroid::VsyncWaiterAndroid(flutter::TaskRunners task_runners)
    : VsyncWaiter(std::move(task_runners)) {}

创建VsyncWaiterAndroid对象,也会初始化父类VsyncWaiter。

4.9 ShellIOManager初始化

[-> flutter/shell/common/shell_io_manager.cc]

ShellIOManager::ShellIOManager(
    sk_sp<GrContext> resource_context,
    fml::RefPtr<fml::TaskRunner> unref_queue_task_runner)
    : resource_context_(std::move(resource_context)),
      resource_context_weak_factory_(
          resource_context_ ? std::make_unique<fml::WeakPtrFactory<GrContext>>(
                                  resource_context_.get())
                            : nullptr),
      unref_queue_(fml::MakeRefCounted<flutter::SkiaUnrefQueue>(
          std::move(unref_queue_task_runner),
          fml::TimeDelta::FromMilliseconds(250))),
    weak_factory_(this) {
}

ShellIOManager的初始化过程,会创建GrContext和SkiaUnrefQueue对象。

4.10 Rasterizer初始化

[-> flutter/shell/common/rasterizer.cc]

Rasterizer::Rasterizer(TaskRunners task_runners)
    : Rasterizer(std::move(task_runners),
                 // [4.10.1]
                 std::make_unique<flutter::CompositorContext>()) {}

Rasterizer::Rasterizer(
    TaskRunners task_runners,
    std::unique_ptr<flutter::CompositorContext> compositor_context)
    : task_runners_(std::move(task_runners)),
      compositor_context_(std::move(compositor_context)),
      weak_factory_(this) {
}

on_create_rasterizer方法等价于创建Rasterizer对象,在这个过程还会创建CompositorContext对象并赋值给compositor_context_。

4.11 Animator初始化

[-> flutter/shell/common/animator.cc]

Animator::Animator(Delegate& delegate,
                   TaskRunners task_runners,
                   std::unique_ptr<VsyncWaiter> waiter)
    : delegate_(delegate),
      task_runners_(std::move(task_runners)),
      waiter_(std::move(waiter)),
      last_begin_frame_time_(),
      dart_frame_deadline_(0),
      layer_tree_pipeline_(fml::MakeRefCounted<LayerTreePipeline>(2)),
      pending_frame_semaphore_(1),
      frame_number_(1),
      paused_(false),
      regenerate_layer_tree_(false),
      frame_scheduled_(false),
      notify_idle_task_id_(0),
      dimension_change_pending_(false),
      weak_factory_(this) {}

4.12 Engine初始化

[-> flutter/shell/common/engine.cc]

Engine::Engine(Delegate& delegate,
               DartVM& vm,
               fml::RefPtr<const DartSnapshot> isolate_snapshot,
               fml::RefPtr<const DartSnapshot> shared_snapshot,
               TaskRunners task_runners,
               Settings settings,
               std::unique_ptr<Animator> animator,
               fml::WeakPtr<SnapshotDelegate> snapshot_delegate,
               fml::WeakPtr<IOManager> io_manager)
    : delegate_(delegate),
      settings_(std::move(settings)),
      animator_(std::move(animator)),
      activity_running_(false),
      have_surface_(false),
      weak_factory_(this) {
  //创建RuntimeController对象[4.12.1]
  runtime_controller_ = std::make_unique<RuntimeController>(
      *this,                                 // runtime delegate
      &vm,                                  
      std::move(isolate_snapshot),           
      std::move(shared_snapshot),            
      std::move(task_runners),               
      std::move(snapshot_delegate),          
      std::move(io_manager),                 
      settings_.advisory_script_uri,         
      settings_.advisory_script_entrypoint,  
      settings_.idle_notification_callback   
  );
}

4.12.1 RuntimeController初始化

[-> flutter/runtime/runtime_controller.cc]

RuntimeController::RuntimeController(
    RuntimeDelegate& p_client,
    DartVM* p_vm,
    fml::RefPtr<const DartSnapshot> p_isolate_snapshot,
    fml::RefPtr<const DartSnapshot> p_shared_snapshot,
    TaskRunners p_task_runners,
    fml::WeakPtr<SnapshotDelegate> p_snapshot_delegate,
    fml::WeakPtr<IOManager> p_io_manager,
    std::string p_advisory_script_uri,
    std::string p_advisory_script_entrypoint,
    std::function<void(int64_t)> p_idle_notification_callback)
    : RuntimeController(p_client,
                        p_vm,
                        std::move(p_isolate_snapshot),
                        std::move(p_shared_snapshot),
                        std::move(p_task_runners),
                        std::move(p_snapshot_delegate),
                        std::move(p_io_manager),
                        std::move(p_advisory_script_uri),
                        std::move(p_advisory_script_entrypoint),
                        p_idle_notification_callback,
                        WindowData{/* default window data */}) {}

4.12.2 RuntimeController

[-> flutter/runtime/runtime_controller.cc]

RuntimeController::RuntimeController(
    RuntimeDelegate& p_client,
    DartVM* p_vm,
    fml::RefPtr<const DartSnapshot> p_isolate_snapshot,
    fml::RefPtr<const DartSnapshot> p_shared_snapshot,
    TaskRunners p_task_runners,
    fml::WeakPtr<SnapshotDelegate> p_snapshot_delegate,
    fml::WeakPtr<IOManager> p_io_manager,
    std::string p_advisory_script_uri,
    std::string p_advisory_script_entrypoint,
    std::function<void(int64_t)> idle_notification_callback,
    WindowData p_window_data)
    : client_(p_client),
      vm_(p_vm),
      isolate_snapshot_(std::move(p_isolate_snapshot)),
      shared_snapshot_(std::move(p_shared_snapshot)),
      task_runners_(p_task_runners),
      snapshot_delegate_(p_snapshot_delegate),
      io_manager_(p_io_manager),
      advisory_script_uri_(p_advisory_script_uri),
      advisory_script_entrypoint_(p_advisory_script_entrypoint),
      idle_notification_callback_(idle_notification_callback),
      window_data_(std::move(p_window_data)),
      root_isolate_(
          //[见小节4.12.4]
          DartIsolate::CreateRootIsolate(vm_->GetVMData()->GetSettings(),
                                         isolate_snapshot_,
                                         shared_snapshot_,
                                         task_runners_,
                                         //[见小节4.12.3]
                                         std::make_unique<Window>(this),
                                         snapshot_delegate_,
                                         io_manager_,
                                         p_advisory_script_uri,
                                         p_advisory_script_entrypoint)) {
  std::shared_ptr<DartIsolate> root_isolate = root_isolate_.lock();
  root_isolate->SetReturnCodeCallback([this](uint32_t code) {
    root_isolate_return_code_ = {true, code};
  });
  if (auto* window = GetWindowIfAvailable()) {
    tonic::DartState::Scope scope(root_isolate);
    window->DidCreateIsolate();
    if (!FlushRuntimeStateToIsolate()) {
      FML_DLOG(ERROR) << "Could not setup intial isolate state.";
    }
  }
}

4.12.3 Window初始化

[-> flutter/lib/ui/window/window.cc]

Window::Window(WindowClient* client) : client_(client) {

}

4.12.4 DartIsolate::CreateRootIsolate

[-> flutter/runtime/dart_isolate.cc]

std::weak_ptr<DartIsolate> DartIsolate::CreateRootIsolate(
    const Settings& settings,
    fml::RefPtr<const DartSnapshot> isolate_snapshot,
    fml::RefPtr<const DartSnapshot> shared_snapshot,
    TaskRunners task_runners,
    std::unique_ptr<Window> window,
    fml::WeakPtr<SnapshotDelegate> snapshot_delegate,
    fml::WeakPtr<IOManager> io_manager,
    std::string advisory_script_uri,
    std::string advisory_script_entrypoint,
    Dart_IsolateFlags* flags) {
  TRACE_EVENT0("flutter", "DartIsolate::CreateRootIsolate");
  Dart_Isolate vm_isolate = nullptr;
  std::weak_ptr<DartIsolate> embedder_isolate;

  //创建DartIsolate
  auto root_embedder_data = std::make_unique<std::shared_ptr<DartIsolate>>(
      std::make_shared<DartIsolate>(
          settings, std::move(isolate_snapshot),
          std::move(shared_snapshot), task_runners,                 
          std::move(snapshot_delegate), std::move(io_manager),        
          advisory_script_uri, advisory_script_entrypoint,    
          nullptr));
  //创建Isolate
  std::tie(vm_isolate, embedder_isolate) = CreateDartVMAndEmbedderObjectPair(
      advisory_script_uri.c_str(), advisory_script_entrypoint.c_str(),  
      nullptr, nullptr, flags,                               
      root_embedder_data.get(), true, &error);

  std::shared_ptr<DartIsolate> shared_embedder_isolate = embedder_isolate.lock();
  if (shared_embedder_isolate) {
    //只有root isolates能和window交互
    shared_embedder_isolate->SetWindow(std::move(window));
  }
  root_embedder_data.release();
  return embedder_isolate;
}

更多关于RootIsolate创建过程,详见深入理解Dart虚拟机启动的[小节3.1]部分。

4.13 Shell::Setup

[-> flutter/shell/common/shell.cc]

bool Shell::Setup(std::unique_ptr<PlatformView> platform_view,
                  std::unique_ptr<Engine> engine,
                  std::unique_ptr<Rasterizer> rasterizer,
                  std::unique_ptr<ShellIOManager> io_manager) {
  if (is_setup_) {  //保障只会执行一次
    return false;
  }

  if (!platform_view || !engine || !rasterizer || !io_manager) {
    return false;
  }

  platform_view_ = std::move(platform_view);
  engine_ = std::move(engine);
  rasterizer_ = std::move(rasterizer);
  io_manager_ = std::move(io_manager);

  is_setup_ = true;

  vm_->GetServiceProtocol()->AddHandler(this, GetServiceProtocolDescription());

  PersistentCache::GetCacheForProcess()->AddWorkerTaskRunner(
      task_runners_.GetIOTaskRunner());

  PersistentCache::GetCacheForProcess()->SetIsDumpingSkp(
      settings_.dump_skp_on_shader_compilation);

  return true;
}

五、加载Dart代码

回到小节3.2,FlutterActivityDelegate.onCreate的过程,接下来执行的便是runBundle

5.1 FlutterActivityDelegate.runBundle

[-> platform/android/io/flutter/app/FlutterActivityDelegate.java]

private void runBundle(String appBundlePath) {
    if (!flutterView.getFlutterNativeView().isApplicationRunning()) {
        FlutterRunArguments args = new FlutterRunArguments();
        ArrayList<String> bundlePaths = new ArrayList<>();
        ResourceUpdater resourceUpdater = FlutterMain.getResourceUpdater();
        if (resourceUpdater != null) {
            File patchFile = resourceUpdater.getInstalledPatch();
            JSONObject manifest = resourceUpdater.readManifest(patchFile);
            if (resourceUpdater.validateManifest(manifest)) {
                bundlePaths.add(patchFile.getPath());
            }
        }
        bundlePaths.add(appBundlePath);
        args.bundlePaths = bundlePaths.toArray(new String[0]);
        args.entrypoint = "main";
        //[见小节5.2]
        flutterView.runFromBundle(args);
    }
}

参数中的entrypoint等于”main”,是指最终回调执行的主函数名。

5.2 runFromBundle

[-> platform/android/io/flutter/view/FlutterView.java]

public void runFromBundle(FlutterRunArguments args) {
  preRun();  //重置Accessibility树
  mNativeView.runFromBundle(args); //[见小节5.3]
  postRun();
}

5.3 runFromBundle

[-> platform/android/io/flutter/view/FlutterNativeView.java]

public void runFromBundle(FlutterRunArguments args) {
    boolean hasBundlePaths = args.bundlePaths != null && args.bundlePaths.length != 0;
    ...
    if (hasBundlePaths) {
         //[见小节5.4]
        runFromBundleInternal(args.bundlePaths, args.entrypoint, args.libraryPath);
    } else {
        runFromBundleInternal(new String[] {args.bundlePath, args.defaultPath},
                args.entrypoint, args.libraryPath);
    }
}

这里args的entrypoint和libraryPath分别代表主函数入口的函数名和所对应库的路径。

5.4 runFromBundleInternal

[-> platform/android/io/flutter/view/FlutterNativeView.java]

private void runFromBundleInternal(String[] bundlePaths, String entrypoint,
    String libraryPath) {
      //[见小节5.5]
    mFlutterJNI.runBundleAndSnapshotFromLibrary(
        bundlePaths,
        entrypoint,
        libraryPath,
        mContext.getResources().getAssets()
    );

    applicationIsRunning = true;
}

5.5 runBundleAndSnapshotFromLibrary

[-> FlutterJNI.java]

public void runBundleAndSnapshotFromLibrary(
    @NonNull String[] prioritizedBundlePaths,
    @Nullable String entrypointFunctionName,
    @Nullable String pathToEntrypointFunction,
    @NonNull AssetManager assetManager
) {
  ensureAttachedToNative();
  //[见小节5.6]
  nativeRunBundleAndSnapshotFromLibrary(
      nativePlatformViewId,
      prioritizedBundlePaths,
      entrypointFunctionName,
      pathToEntrypointFunction,
      assetManager
  );
}

nativeRunBundleAndSnapshotFromLibrary这是一个Native方法,[小节2.6.3]已介绍过,对应的方法为RunBundleAndSnapshotFromLibrary。

5.6 RunBundleAndSnapshotFromLibrary

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/platform_view_android_jni.cc]

static void RunBundleAndSnapshotFromLibrary(JNIEnv* env,
                                            jobject jcaller,
                                            jlong shell_holder,
                                            jobjectArray jbundlepaths,
                                            jstring jEntrypoint,
                                            jstring jLibraryUrl,
                                            jobject jAssetManager) {
  auto asset_manager = std::make_shared<flutter::AssetManager>();
  for (const auto& bundlepath :
       fml::jni::StringArrayToVector(env, jbundlepaths)) {
    if (bundlepath.empty()) {
      continue;
    }

    const auto file_ext_index = bundlepath.rfind(".");
    if (bundlepath.substr(file_ext_index) == ".zip") {
      asset_manager->PushBack(std::make_unique<flutter::ZipAssetStore>(
          bundlepath, "assets/flutter_assets"));

    } else {
      asset_manager->PushBack(
          std::make_unique<flutter::DirectoryAssetBundle>(fml::OpenDirectory(
              bundlepath.c_str(), false, fml::FilePermission::kRead)));

      const auto last_slash_index = bundlepath.rfind("/", bundlepath.size());
      if (last_slash_index != std::string::npos) {
        auto apk_asset_dir = bundlepath.substr(
            last_slash_index + 1, bundlepath.size() - last_slash_index);

        asset_manager->PushBack(std::make_unique<flutter::APKAssetProvider>(
            env,                       // jni environment
            jAssetManager,             // asset manager
            std::move(apk_asset_dir))  // apk asset dir
        );
      }
    }
  }

  auto isolate_configuration = CreateIsolateConfiguration(*asset_manager);
  ...

  RunConfiguration config(std::move(isolate_configuration),
                          std::move(asset_manager));
  {
    auto entrypoint = fml::jni::JavaStringToString(env, jEntrypoint);
    auto libraryUrl = fml::jni::JavaStringToString(env, jLibraryUrl);

    if ((entrypoint.size() > 0) && (libraryUrl.size() > 0)) {
      config.SetEntrypointAndLibrary(std::move(entrypoint),
                                     std::move(libraryUrl));
    } else if (entrypoint.size() > 0) {
      config.SetEntrypoint(std::move(entrypoint));
    }
  }
  //[见小节5.7]
  ANDROID_SHELL_HOLDER->Launch(std::move(config));
}

5.7 AndroidShellHolder::Launch

[-> flutter/shell/platform/android/android_shell_holder.cc]

void AndroidShellHolder::Launch(RunConfiguration config) {
  if (!IsValid()) {
    return;
  }

  shell_->GetTaskRunners().GetUITaskRunner()->PostTask(
      fml::MakeCopyable([engine = shell_->GetEngine(),  //
                         config = std::move(config)     //
  ]() mutable {
        //[见小节5.8]
        if (engine) {
          engine->Run(std::move(config);
        }
      }));
}

5.8 Engine::Run

[-> flutter/shell/common/engine.cc]

Engine::RunStatus Engine::Run(RunConfiguration configuration) {
  //[见小节5.9]
  auto isolate_launch_status = PrepareAndLaunchIsolate(std::move(configuration));
  if (isolate_launch_status == Engine::RunStatus::Failure) {
    return isolate_launch_status;
  } else if (isolate_launch_status == Engine::RunStatus::FailureAlreadyRunning) {
    return isolate_launch_status;
  }

  std::shared_ptr<DartIsolate> isolate =
      runtime_controller_->GetRootIsolate().lock();

  bool isolate_running =
      isolate && isolate->GetPhase() == DartIsolate::Phase::Running;

  if (isolate_running) {
    tonic::DartState::Scope scope(isolate.get());

    if (settings_.root_isolate_create_callback) {
      settings_.root_isolate_create_callback();
    }

    if (settings_.root_isolate_shutdown_callback) {
      isolate->AddIsolateShutdownCallback(
          settings_.root_isolate_shutdown_callback);
    }
  }

  return isolate_running ? Engine::RunStatus::Success
                         : Engine::RunStatus::Failure;
}

5.9 Engine::PrepareAndLaunchIsolate

[-> flutter/shell/common/engine.cc]

Engine::RunStatus Engine::PrepareAndLaunchIsolate(
    RunConfiguration configuration) {
  TRACE_EVENT0("flutter", "Engine::PrepareAndLaunchIsolate");

  UpdateAssetManager(configuration.GetAssetManager());

  auto isolate_configuration = configuration.TakeIsolateConfiguration();

  std::shared_ptr<DartIsolate> isolate =
      runtime_controller_->GetRootIsolate().lock();
  ...

  if (!isolate_configuration->PrepareIsolate(*isolate)) {
    return RunStatus::Failure;
  }

  if (configuration.GetEntrypointLibrary().empty()) {
      //[见小节5.10]
    if (!isolate->Run(configuration.GetEntrypoint())) {
      return RunStatus::Failure;
    }
  } else {
    if (!isolate->RunFromLibrary(configuration.GetEntrypointLibrary(),
                                 configuration.GetEntrypoint())) {
      return RunStatus::Failure;
    }
  }

  return RunStatus::Success;
}

从configuration中获取主函数入口,RunConfiguration有一个成员变量entrypoint_值等于“main”, 还有一个成员变量entrypoint_library_,这两个变量的赋值过程是在前面的小节[5.1]。

5.10 DartIsolate::Run

[-> flutter/runtime/dart_isolate.cc]

bool DartIsolate::Run(const std::string& entrypoint_name, fml::closure on_run) {
  TRACE_EVENT0("flutter", "DartIsolate::Run");
  ...

  tonic::DartState::Scope scope(this);
  //获取用户入口函数,也就是主函数main()
  auto user_entrypoint_function =
      Dart_GetField(Dart_RootLibrary(), tonic::ToDart(entrypoint_name.c_str()));
  //[见小节5.11]
  if (!InvokeMainEntrypoint(user_entrypoint_function)) {
    return false;
  }
  phase_ = Phase::Running;

  if (on_run) {
    on_run();
  }
  return true;
}

5.11 InvokeMainEntrypoint

[-> flutter/runtime/dart_isolate.cc]

static bool InvokeMainEntrypoint(Dart_Handle user_entrypoint_function) {
  // [见小节5.11.1]
  Dart_Handle start_main_isolate_function =
      tonic::DartInvokeField(Dart_LookupLibrary(tonic::ToDart("dart:isolate")),
                             "_getStartMainIsolateFunction", {});

  //[见小节5.12]
  if (tonic::LogIfError(tonic::DartInvokeField(
          Dart_LookupLibrary(tonic::ToDart("dart:ui")), "_runMainZoned",
          {start_main_isolate_function, user_entrypoint_function}))) {
    return false;
  }
  return true;
}

经过Dart虚拟机最终会调用的Dart层的_runMainZoned()方法,其中参数start_main_isolate_function等于_startIsolate。

5.11.1 _getStartMainIsolateFunction

[-> third_party/dart/runtime/lib/isolate_patch.dart]

@pragma("vm:entry-point", "call")
Function _getStartMainIsolateFunction() {
  return _startMainIsolate;
}

@pragma("vm:entry-point", "call")
void _startMainIsolate(Function entryPoint, List<String> args) {
  _startIsolate(
      null, // no parent port
      entryPoint,
      args,
      null, // no message
      true, // isSpawnUri
      null, // no control port
      null); // no capabilities
}

5.12 _runMainZoned

[-> flutter/lib/ui/hooks.dart]

void _runMainZoned(Function startMainIsolateFunction, Function userMainFunction) {
   //[见小节5.12.1]
  startMainIsolateFunction((){
    runZoned<Future<void>>(() {
      const List<String> empty_args = <String>[];
      if (userMainFunction is _BinaryFunction) {
        (userMainFunction as dynamic)(empty_args, '');
      } else if (userMainFunction is _UnaryFunction) {
        (userMainFunction as dynamic)(empty_args);
      } else {
        userMainFunction();  //[见小节5.12.2]
      }
    }, onError: (Object error, StackTrace stackTrace) {
      _reportUnhandledException(error.toString(), stackTrace.toString());
    });
  }, null);
}

该方法的startMainIsolateFunction等于_startIsolate,userMainFunction等于main.dart文件中的main()方法,也就是整个Dart业务代码。

5.12.1 _startIsolate

[-> third_party/dart/runtime/lib/isolate_patch.dart]

@pragma("vm:entry-point", "call")
void _startIsolate(
    SendPort parentPort,
    Function entryPoint,
    List<String> args,
    var message,
    bool isSpawnUri,
    RawReceivePort controlPort,
    List capabilities) {
  //控制端口(也称主isolate端口)不处理任何消息
  if (controlPort != null) {
    controlPort.handler = (_) {};
  }
  ...

  // 将所有用户代码处理延迟到下一次消息循环运行。 这允许拦截事件调度中的某些条件,例如在暂停状态下开始。
  RawReceivePort port = new RawReceivePort();
  port.handler = (_) {
    port.close();

    if (isSpawnUri) {
      if (entryPoint is _BinaryFunction) {
        (entryPoint as dynamic)(args, message);
      } else if (entryPoint is _UnaryFunction) {
        (entryPoint as dynamic)(args);
      } else {
        entryPoint(); //[见小节5.12.2]
      }
    } else {
      entryPoint(message);
    }
  };
  //确保消息handler已触发
  port.sendPort.send(null);
}

此处entryPoint便是runZoned,然后几次调用后,回到_runMainZoned()方法的userMainFunction,而userMainFunction

5.12.2 main

[-> lib/main.dart]

void main() => runApp(Widget app);

runzoned

也就是说FlutterActivity.onCreate()方法,经过层层调用后开始执行dart层的main()方法,执行runApp()的过程,这便开启执行整个Dart业务代码。

六、总结

Flutter引擎启动过程分为以下几个阶段:

  • FlutterApplication启动:执行其onCreate()方法,初始化配置,获取是否预编译模式,提取资源文件;加载libflutter.so库,并记录启动时间戳;
  • FlutterActivity启动:执行其onCreate()方法,创建FlutterActivityDelegate、FlutterView、FlutterNativeView、FlutterMain、FlutterJNI等对象,也会初始化以下这些引擎核心类:
    • AndroidShellHolder
    • DartVM
    • Shell
    • PlatformViewAndroid
    • VsyncWaiterAndroid
    • ShellIOManager
    • Rasterizer
    • Animator
    • Engine
    • RuntimeController
    • Window
    • DartIsolate

附录

本文涉及到相关源码文件

platform/android/io/flutter/app/
  - FlutterApplication.java
  - FlutterActivity.java
  - FlutterActivityDelegate.java

platform/android/io/flutter/view/
  - FlutterMain.java
  - FlutterView.java
  - FlutterNativeView.java
  - VsyncWaiter.java

platform/android/io/flutter/view/
  - embedding/engine/FlutterJNI.java

flutter/shell/platform/android/
  - android_surface.cc
  - android_surface_gl.cc
  - android_shell_holder.cc
  - platform_view_android_jni.cc
  - platform_view_android.cc
  - flutter_main.cc
  - library_loader.cc

flutter/fml/
  - thread.cc
  - task_runner.cc
  - message_loop.cc
  - message_loop_impl.cc
  - platform/android/message_loop_android.cc
  - platform/android/jni_util.cc

flutter/lib/ui/
  - hooks.dart
  - dart_ui.cc
  - window/window.cc

flutter/shell/common/
    - shell.cc
    - rasterizer.cc
    - surface.cc
    - thread_host.cc
    - animator.cc
    - engine.cc
    - shell_io_manager.cc

flutter/runtime/
  - dart_vm_lifecycle.cc
  - dart_vm.cc
  - dart_isolate.cc
  - runtime_controller.cc

third_party/dart/runtime/
  - vm/dart_api_impl.cc
  - vm/dart.cc
  - lib/isolate_patch.dart

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